Born to Clara and Rene Luminais, he was born into a family of parliamentarians and lawyers.;René Marie Luminais, his father, was a deputy of Loire-Inférieure between 1831 and 1834 and afterwards of Indre-et-Loire between 1848 to 1849. His family, aware of his natural artistic talent, sent him to Paris to study with the painter and sculptor Auguste Debay. Luminais died in Paris at age 75 and was buried in the little cemetery in Douadic. His native city of Nantes has a street named for him.