Île de la Visitation

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L'Île-de-la-Visitation Nature Park
Parc-nature de l'Île-de-la-Visitation
Canards au soleil couchant au parc-nature de l'Île-de-la-Visitation en septembre 2009.jpg
Île de la Visitation is located in Montreal
Île de la Visitation
Location of Île de la Visitation in Montreal
Location Ahuntsic-Cartierville/Montréal-Nord, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Coordinates 45°34′32″N 73°39′48″W / 45.575558°N 73.663381°W / 45.575558; -73.663381Coordinates: 45°34′32″N 73°39′48″W / 45.575558°N 73.663381°W / 45.575558; -73.663381
Area 34 hectares (84 acres)
Operated by City of Montreal
Open 1984

Île de la Visitation is a small island in the Rivière des Prairies, part of the Hochelaga Archipelago, and part of the city of Montreal in Quebec, Canada.

Located within the boroughs of Ahuntsic-Cartierville and Montréal-Nord, the island is the site of a 34 hectares (84 acres) nature park, as well as the remaining buildings of the historic Sault-au-Récollet district.

The island also includes the former hydraulic installations, l'île du Cheval-de-Terre, which is connected to Laval by the Rivière des Prairies generating station, as well as a wooded area left intact along the Rivière des Prairies.

L'Île-de-la-Visitation Nature Park[edit]

The nature park, located on Île de la Visitation, was established in 1984 during the renovation of the Rivière des Prairies generating station. It has an area of 34 hectares.

The footpaths along the shore allow for walking and biking, and offer views of the Rivière des Prairies. Various historical monuments (Milling site, Maison du Pressoir, Maison du Meunier) and picnic tables are located along the trail.

In winter, cross-country skiing trails are offered. There is also a small hill that is used for tobogganing by children.

The current of the Rivière des Prairies is calm around the island.

History[edit]

Known as Branchereau Island until 1750, Île de la Visitation borrows its name from the parish of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin-Mary which was founded in 1736. In order to control the force of the current, the Sulpician landlords connected the island to the shore by a causeway. Between 1724 and 1726, Simon Sicar, engineer, built the dam and a sawmill near the island. He built a stone mill to grind corn, another for carding wool.

In 1785, the island was surveyed and subdivided.[1]

Mills[edit]

Over time, the mills have had several owners.

  • 1726-1837: Séminaire de Montréal
  • 1837-1867: Pascal Persillier-Lachapelle & Succession
  • 1867-1872: Basile Piché
  • 1872-1878: M. Ouimet
  • 1878-1883: Wail McGauvran & Tucken
  • 1883-1890: R. Gagnon père et fils
  • 1890-1906: Dominion Leather Board Company
  • 1906-1950: Back River Power Co
  • 1950-1980: Milmont Fibreboards Co

There have been a few kinds of mills over the years.

Maison du Pressoir[edit]

The Maison du Pressoir was built in 1806 by Didier Joubert who used it to press apples into cider. It then became a house.

The remains of the stone foundation which served as base for the machine still exist.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gordon Lefebbre, Montréal-Nord, d'hier à aujourd'hui, Comité d'histoire de Montréal-Nord, 2000, p. 10

External links[edit]