Nuns' Island

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"Île des Sœurs" redirects here. For other uses, see Île des Sœurs (disambiguation).
For Nun's Island in Ireland, see Lough Lene.
Nuns' Island
Île des Sœurs
Neighbourhood
Skyline of the southern tip of Nuns' Island
Skyline of the southern tip of Nuns' Island
Nunsisland.png
Coordinates: 45°27′40″N 73°32′36″W / 45.46111°N 73.54333°W / 45.46111; -73.54333
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
City Montreal
Borough Verdun
Area
 • Total 3.74 km2 (1.44 sq mi)
Population (2011 [2])
 • Total 18,315[1]
 • Density 4,897.1/km2 (12,683/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)

Nuns' Island (officially Île des Sœurs) is an island located in the Saint Lawrence River that forms a part of the city of Montreal, Quebec. It is part of the borough of Verdun.

The island is primarily composed of residential apartments, condos and row houses.

History[edit]

West Vancouver Park on Nuns' Island.

Originally called Île Saint-Paul in honour of the founder of Montreal, Paul Chomedey, sieur de Maisonneuve, the island was initially acquired by 1634 by Jean de Lauzon, future governor of New France. The island was included in the expansive seigneurie of La Citière on the south shore of the St. Lawrence.[3] In 1664 he ceded the island in three equal parts to three prominent citizens of Ville-Marie: Jacques Le Ber, sieur de Saint-Paul et Senneville; Claude Robutel de Saint-André, sieur de La Noue; and Jean de la Vigne, who transferred his portion to Jacques Le Ber's sister Marie in 1668. She in turn sold her share to her brother, leaving the island divided between the seigneuries of Saint-Paul and La Noue.

The nuns of the Congrégation de Notre-Dame acquired the seigneurie de La Noue in 1706. Following the British conquest, the other seigneurie was auctioned; the nuns purchased it too in 1769, becoming the sole owners of the island for the next 250 years.[4] Their ownership would give the island its unofficial name, attested since the early 19th century.[5]

The nuns farmed the island, building houses and agricultural buildings, and later hired women to help with raising livestock. Owing to a dispute between the congregation and the municipality of Verdun over taxes in the late 19th century, the island, which had no fixed link to the Island of Montreal, was made a municipality (L'Île-Saint-Paul) in 1899.

The nuns continued farming until 1956, when they sold the island to the Quebec Home and Mortgage Co. Ltd. In the same year, the provincial government merged it with Verdun in 1956.[3] By that time the name Saint-Paul had fallen out of use, and the name île des Sœurs was officialized. The nuns left for good in 1957.

The development of the island began in earnest with the opening of the Champlain Bridge in 1962. The urbanization was carried out by the Metropolitan Structures company of Chicago, under a master plan by the American company of Johnson, Johnson, and Roy.[3] Notably, it included four buildings by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe: three high rise apartments, the first of which, 201 rue Corot, was occupied in 1969, and an Esso filling station of the same vintage.[6][7] Significant areas to the south of the island were reclaimed from the St. Lawrence.[8] Construction has continued rapidly since then.

Geography[edit]

A traffic circle on Nuns' Island
Historical populations
Year Pop.   ±%  
1971 3,925 —    
1976 5,702 +45.3%
1981 5,789 +1.5%
1986 7,416 +28.1%
1991 10,693 +44.2%
1996 12,186 +14.0%
2001 13,156 +8.0%
2006 16,210 +23.2%
2011 18,315 +13.0%

The 3.74 km² island is part of the Hochelaga Archipelago in the St. Lawrence River. It is located immediately southeast of the Island of Montreal, from which it is separated by a narrow channel, and north of the La Prairie Basin.

The island is noted for its parks and scenery including West Vancouver Park which overlooks the Saint Lawrence River. The 26-hectare Domaine Saint-Paul natural woodland in the southern part of the island, a crucial nesting area for more than a hundred species of birds, is one of the last remaining natural woodlands in southern Montreal. It has been progressively eroded by development.[9] The woodland surrounds an artificial lake called Lac des Battures. This lake was actually created by accident as parts of the river known as "water lots" became landlocked during landfill operations in the 60's and 70's. Most of this landfill came from the excavation of Montreal's underground Metro system in the mid-1960s. That part of the Island was subject to annual floods caused by spring runoff. The resulting dykes and fill allowed an additional few million square feet to be used for development as well as a golf course.

Government[edit]

Nuns' Island is part of the borough of Verdun, making up the neighbourhood of L'Île-des-Sœurs and forming part of the city council district of Champlain–L'Île-des-Sœurs with the eastern third of "mainland" Verdun. As part of Verdun, it is part of the federal riding of Jeanne-Le Ber and the provincial riding of Verdun.

Economy[edit]

Part of the Bell Campus, the headquarters of Bell Canada.

Commercial services are clustered in malls around Place du Commerce near the Champlain Bridge, with civic services including a community centre and church around Place Elgar.

A recent development is the construction of the campus headquarters of Bell Canada on the northern tip of the island. In 2009 Bell Canada, the largest communications company in Canada, consolidated their workers from several locations throughout Montreal at a new complex on Nuns' Island, which also serves as the national headquarters of the company. The campus consists of a cluster of five low rise buildings,[10] conveniently located at the Autoroute 10 and 15 highway interchange at the northerly end of the island.[11]

A substantial part of Nuns' Island is leased by Structures Metropolitaines from the current landowners of the Island.

Infrastructure[edit]

The Décarie Expressway (Aut. 15) runs through Nuns' Island, connecting it to the south shore of the St. Lawrence River via the Champlain Bridge and to the Island of Montreal via the Pont de l'Île-des-Sœurs, part of the Champlain Bridge complex. The Clément Bridge connects the island with the Bonaventure Expressway (Aut. 10).

There is only one school on the island, École Île-des-Sœurs primary school; consultations are under way to construct a second grade school near Parc de la Fontaine.

Connecting bus routes[edit]

Société de transport de Montréal
Route Service Times Map Schedule
Autobusmontréal.svg 12 Île-des-Sœurs All-day Map Schedule
Autobusmontréal.svg 21 Place du Commerce Morning Rush Hour Map Schedule
Autobusmontréal.svg 168 du Havre All-day Map Schedule
Autobusmontréal.svg 178 Pointe-Nord/Île-des-Sœurs (University Street / de La Gauchetière Street) Rush Hour
Monday-Friday
Map Schedule
Réseau de transport de Longueuil
No & Route Name Service Times Map Schedule
100 Brossard-Chevrier Park and Ride, Terminus Panama, Campus Bell Express Rush Hour only Map Schedule

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sum of census tracts 4620317.02 (6,655), 4620317.03 (4,141), and 4620317.04 (7,519).
  2. ^ Canada 2011 Census.
  3. ^ a b c "L'île des Soeurs." Grand répertoire du patrimoine bâti de Montréal. Accessed 2 July 2011.
  4. ^ "History of Nuns' Island." Ville de Montréal: Arrondissement de Verdun. Accessed 2 July 2011.
  5. ^ Fiche descriptive: Île des Sœurs. Commission de toponymie du Québec. Accessed 2 July 2011.
  6. ^ "In Your Neighbourhood: The Mies Van Der Rohe Buildings". City of Montreal Web site. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  7. ^ Perreaux, Les (2009-01-27). "The Ritz of gas stations looks for a new life". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2009-01-28. 
  8. ^ Canadian Army. Topographic Service. Carte topographique du Canada à l'échelle de 1:25 000. 31 H5h, Verdun. Ottawa: Army Topographic Service, 1963. Available online from Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec. Accessed July 5, 2011.
  9. ^ "Domaine Saint-Paul, Boisé de l'Île-des-Sœurs." Ville de Montréal: Arrondissement de Verdun. Accessed 2 July 2011.
  10. ^ "Bell Canada Campus – 1 Carrefour Alexander-Graham-Bell". Canderel. Retrieved February 2012. 
  11. ^ Going to Campus Bell - Montreal

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°27′40″N 73°32′36″W / 45.46111°N 73.54333°W / 45.46111; -73.54333