Ørland Airport

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Ørland Airport
Ørland lufthavn
Orland lufthavn.JPG
Terminal building at Ørland Airport
IATA: OLAICAO: ENOL
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Owner Royal Norwegian Air Force
Operator Municipality of Ørland
Serves Ørland, Sør-Trøndelag, Norway
Location Brekstad
Elevation AMSL 28 ft / 9 m
Coordinates 63°41′57″N 009°36′14″E / 63.69917°N 9.60389°E / 63.69917; 9.60389Coordinates: 63°41′57″N 009°36′14″E / 63.69917°N 9.60389°E / 63.69917; 9.60389
Website orland.kommune.no
Map
OLA is located in Sør-Trøndelag
OLA
OLA
Location in Sør-Trøndelag county
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 2,714 8,904 Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Passengers 6,751
Aircraft movements 1,800
Cargo (tonnes) 0
Source: Norwegian AIP at Avinor[1]
Statistics from Avinor[2][3][4]

Ørland Airport (Norwegian: Ørland lufthavn;[5][6] IATA: OLA[7]ICAO: ENOL), also known as Ørland Airport, Brekstad (Ørland lufthavn, Brekstad[8]) is the civilian sector of the Ørland Main Air Station. It is located 1.5 km (0.8 NM)[1] northwest of the town of Brekstad,[9] the administrative centre of the municipality of Ørland, in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. The civilian sector is municipal, although the runway, air traffic control and rescue services are operated by the Royal Norwegian Air Force.

The airport terminal, which has a capacity for 50 simultaneous passengers, was built in 1978 and renovated in 2007. It is served by Air Norway, operated by North Flying, with a daily round trip to Oslo and a weekly service to Aalborg.[10] Ørland is the main airport for Fosen, and is located close enough to Trondheim that Ryanair has considered it as a secondary airport. The airport served 6,751 passengers in 2011.[2]

History[edit]

Planning of an airfield at Ørland was started in January 1941 and the decision was announced by the Wehrmacht on 22 April 1941. Within ten days work on expropriation for 45 landowners started. The airport was planned to have a 1,600 by 120 meters (5,250 by 390 ft) runway,[11] although this had been lengthened to 2,000 meters (6,600 ft) by the time the runway was completed in late 1941. The runway was aligned roughly east–west at 228.4 degrees and made of wood. Construction of a second, 1,600 by 50 meters (5,250 by 160 ft) concrete runway commenced in 1942. This work took much longer time and was not completed until mid 1944. This runway is part of the northern end of the current runway. A third runway was also planned, but no more than some leveling had been completed by the end of the war in April 1945.[12]

Within days the airport had been taken over by the Royal Air Force.[13] The air station was officially taken over by the RNoAF on 2 November 1945.[14] Funding to upgrade the airport were dropped in 1946, but the air force continued to work with expansion proposals.[15] Ørland saw a limited amount of civilian traffic. The first route was established by Trøndelag Flyveselskap in 1949, which operated a route to Trondheim Airport, Lade using a three-seat Auster. The route was quickly terminated.[16]

The decision to upgrade the airport was taken in 1950, following the decision that Norway would receive the F-84 Thunderjet through the Marshall Plan. They required a much longer runway than the existing de Havilland Vampires and the air force wanted to have one airport with sufficient runway length for them in each of its regions. For Central Norway the air force therefore decided to upgrade Ørland's main runway to 2,700 by 50 meters (8,860 by 160 ft). Construction started in April 1952 and was completed in June 1952.[17] Work then started on the parallel 2,600-by-25-meter (8,530 by 82 ft) runway, which was completed in November. The initial investment program for the airport concluded in July 1954 with the completion of a fire station.[18] The air force and its 332 Squadron started using the airport on 31 May 1954.[19]

During the early 1950s, Widerøe and Polarfly would occasionally use the airfield for air ambulance services. Scandinavian Airlines System received permission on 3 March 1953 to use Ørlandet as an alternative airfield for its route to Northern Norway; the permission was expanded to also include their North Pole route to Los Angeles. In the course of ten years this resulted in six or seven landings. From 1958 to 1962 a direct cargo route with crabs and fish was established between Ørlandet and Stockholm, using a Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar.[16]

Braathens SAFE introduced a summer scheduled service from Ørland to Trondheim Airport, Værnes in 1967, but there were not sufficient passengers to reintroduce it the following year. The Værnes route was reopened by Widerøe in 1971. A small cabin was at first used as a passenger terminal,[16] but a larger terminal building was completed in 1978.[20] This resulted in the airport's historical peak level of service, with four daily services. An early morning and late evening flight were provided to Værnes, where there was possibilities to transfer to north- and south-bound flights. Two more services were provided by flights which connected to the airports in Helgeland and Western Norway. The military enforced strict restrictions on civilian traffic until 1985, when the airport received national airport status.[16]

This resulted in a further expansion of the civilian section, especially the size of the apron. During mid-1986 the runway at Værnes was to be replaced and Ørland was used as a substitute. At the same time Ørland Municipality hoped to establish a heliport at Ørland to serve oil fields in Haltenbanken, but this was instead located to Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget. Widerøe had throughout the 1980s been reducing its activity at Ørland and terminated its last flights in 1987. Norving chose to start four daily services, but they were forced to close them later the same year. The municipality started a push to establish a new airline at the airport. Valdresfly established a route to Værnes in 1994, but was forced to close the following year. With the opening of Oslo Airport, Gardermoen in 1998, both Valdresfly and Heli-Trans wanted to fly the route, and the municipality chose Heli-Trans. The route started on 15 April 1998, but was closed in October.[21]

In 2001, low-cost carrier Ryanair announced that they were considering to open a route from Ørland to London. Ryanair stated that the fees charged at Trondheim Airport, Værnes was too high for them, and the municipality stated that they were willing to stretch themselves far on low landing fees to attract Ryanair. Ryanair was already serving the Oslo area from Sandefjord Airport, Torp, which is a military air station which has been converted to a low-cost airport.[22] If started, they initially planned daily flights to London Stansted Airport.[23] In September 2002, the municipality and Ryanair signed an agreement, which, if activated, would start Ryanair flights to Brekstad. However, because the airport had insufficient infrastructure, a new terminal building would need to be built.[24] Investments were estimated at NOK 17 million and public transport to the airport would be provided using fast ferries.[25] In March 2003, Ryanair announced that they would not start services to Ørland. Mayor Knut Morten Ring (Labor) stated that the municipality would continue to plan a new terminal, and would, if necessary, built a temporary terminal to attract the airlines.[26]

Passengers boarding an Air Norway Fairchild Metro at Ørland Airport

Air Norway commenced scheduled services from Brekstad to Oslo on 23 May 2003.[27] From 31 January 2004, they included a weekly service to Aalborg.[28] In 2004, the Russian airline Aeroflot was considering flying fish from Ørland to Japan, but the plans were rejected by the Norwegian Air Force.[29] In 2006, Air Norway experienced a 40% passenger growth,[30] and from 6 September, they also introduced services on Wednesday.[31]

When the European Union introduced new security rules for airports from 1 January 2005, Brekstad Airport was exempt, because of the small size of the aircraft. By April, the airport had received notice that 100% security control would still have to be introduced, costing the municipality NOK 465,000 per year. At the same time, Air Norway was still losing money, and applied to the municipality to not be charged landing fees at the airport.[32] On 3 September 2007, the terminal was renovated for NOK 1.8 million. It received a segregation of arriving and departing passengers, 100% security control and a general renovation of the building, although the capacity was not increased.[20] In 2009, Air Norway lost 1,300 passengers after the Norwegian Air Force decided to not permit their employees to travel from Brekstad, but instead have to take cheaper flights from Trondheim, located about two hours drive away. The reduction in ridership, along with a strengthening of the Danish krone in relation to the Norwegian, caused Air Norway to have lost NOK 100,000 by August 2009. The mayor of Ørland stated at that he was working to make the route receive state grants as a public service obligation.[33]

Facilities[edit]

The airport resides at an elevation of 28 feet (9 m) above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 15/33 with an asphalt surface measuring 2,714 by 45 metres (8,904 ft × 148 ft).[1] The terminal has a capacity for up to 50 people per flight.[22] Ørland is an international airport with customs and border controls. Six people work at the airport, including three security personnel and three ground handling personnel. The operation costs the municipality NOK 680,000 per year,[20] although Air Norway is exempt from paying any airport taxes.[34]

The airport is located a few minutes drive outside Brekstad. It is 55 minutes by fast ferry from Brekstad to Trondheim, and two hours drive, including a ferry. By fast ferry, Brekstad is two and a half hours from Kristiansund, and about one hours drive from Orkanger.[35] The airport is a reserve for Trondheim Airport, Værnes, and international carriers such as KLM land at Ørland when Værnes has to close.[20]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Air Norway is the sole operator from the airport. It is a Brekstad-based virtual airline which subcontracts operations to North Flying, who operate a Fairchild Metro. It operates a daily round trip to Oslo Airport, Gardermoen, and a weekly service to North Flying's base at Aalborg Airport in Denmark.[10]

Airlines Destinations
Air Norway
operated by North Flying
Oslo-Gardermoen

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Airport information for ENOL". AIP Norway. Avinor. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Passenger statistics from Avinor" (xls). Avinor. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  3. ^ "Aircraft Movement statistics from Avinor" (xls). Avinor. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Cargo statistics from Avinor" (xls). Avinor. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Ørland lufthavn" [Ørland Airport] (in Norwegian). Ørland kommune [Ørland municipality]. 3 May 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2010.  (Google translation)
  6. ^ Hegvik, Paul Aage (4 December 2009). "Air Norway med tv-annonse i MGP" [Air Norway with a television ad in the MGP]. Fosna-Folket (in Norwegian). Retrieved 26 May 2010.  - includes photo of airport sign: ØRLAND LUFTHAVN
  7. ^ "IATA Airport Code Search (OLA: Orland)". International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  8. ^ Olsen, Harald (15 April 2009). "Ørland lufthavn, Brekstad" [Ørland Airport, Brekstad] (in Norwegian). Store norske leksikon [Great Norwegian Encyclopedia]. Retrieved 26 May 2010.  (Google translation)
  9. ^ "Map showing Ørland Airport (Ørlandet) and Brekstad". Gule Sider. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "Tidstabell" [Timetable] (in Norwegian). Air Norway. 24 May 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2010. 
  11. ^ Hovd: 64
  12. ^ Hovd: 65
  13. ^ Hovd: 148
  14. ^ Hovd: 150
  15. ^ Hovd: 155
  16. ^ a b c d Hovd: 388
  17. ^ Hovd: 157
  18. ^ Hovd: 164
  19. ^ Hovd: 166
  20. ^ a b c d Hegvik, Paul Aage (3 August 2007). "Ny epoke for lufthavna" [New era for air harbor]. Fosna-Folket (in Norwegian). Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  21. ^ Hovd: 389
  22. ^ a b "Ryanair vurderer Ørland" [Ryanair considers Ørland]. Norsk Rikskringkasting (NRK) (in Norwegian). 1 November 2001. Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  23. ^ "Ørland-London neste år" [Ørland-London next year]. Norsk Rikskringkasting (NRK) (in Norwegian). 14 October 2002. Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  24. ^ "Ryanair vil fly fra Trønderlag" [Ryanair will fly from Trønderlag]. Nettavisen (in Norwegian). 19 November 2002. Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  25. ^ "Ja til fly fra Brekstad til London" [Yes to fly from Brekstad to London]. Norsk Rikskringkasting (NRK) (in Norwegian). 18 October 2002. Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  26. ^ "Ingen London-rute fra Ørlandet dette året" [No London-route from Ørlandet this year]. Boarding.no (in Norwegian). 7 July 2003. Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  27. ^ Skærbæk, Søren (6 May 2003). "Ny rute Ørlandet-Gardermoen" [New route Ørlandet-Gardermoen]. Boarding.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  28. ^ "Flyr fra Ørand til Danmark" [Flying from Ørand to Denmark]. Adresseavisen (in Norwegian). 8 January 2004. 
  29. ^ "Skeptisk til Aeroflot" [Skeptical Aeroflot]. Norsk Rikskringkasting (NRK) (in Norwegian). 1 September 2004. Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  30. ^ Midtbø, Mia Kristin (17 March 2007). "Flere flyr til og fra Fosen" [Several flights to and from Fosen]. Adresseavisen (in Norwegian). Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  31. ^ Ledang, Skjalg (28 July 2006). "Flere flyavganger fra Fosen" [More flights from Fosen]. Fosna-Folket (in Norwegian). Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  32. ^ Kothe-Næss, Tomas (26 April 2005). "EU kan velte flyrute" [EU can topple flight]. Adresseavisen (in Norwegian). Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  33. ^ Hegvik, Paul Aage (18 August 2009). "Fremdeles håp for flyruta" [Still hope for flight]. Fosna-Folket (in Norwegian). Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  34. ^ Hegvik, Paul Aage (28 March 2006). "Vil styrke Fosen med solid lufthavn" [Will strengthen Fosen with solid Airport]. Fosna-Folket (in Norwegian). Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
  35. ^ "Fosen kan bli merkevare" [Fosen can be brand]. Boarding.no (in Norwegian). 24 March 2003. Retrieved 9 March 2010.  (Google translation)
Bibliography
  • Hovd, Rune (2004). Ørland hovedflystasjon: Okkupasjon – Kald krig – Ny tid – Lokalsamfunn (in Norwegian). Ørland: Ørland Main Air Station. 

External links[edit]