Ütőgardon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
ütőgardon
A person playing the ütőgardon.
String instrument
Other names gardon
Classification bowed chordophone
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 321.322
Related instruments
cello

The ütőgardon, also called a gardon, is a folk musical instrument played primarily in Transylvania. It is similar in appearance to a cello, but it is played percussively like a drum. Instead of being played with a bow, its strings are plucked and beaten with a stick.

Culture and Use[edit]

The gardon was primarily played by the Székelys, a Hungarian ethnic group in Transylvania,[1] and the Csángós of the Gyimes region.[2] It can have three or four strings, usually tuned to D and d. Playing with a stick instead of a bow provides a droning accompaniment.[1] It can be argued that the Iraqi Gypsies who played in zurna-davul ensembles inspired the violin-gardon ensembles of Hungarians and some Roma in Transylvania. The gardon is regularly, though not exclusively, played by a woman, the wife of the violinist.[3]

See also[edit]

  1. ^ a b Szendrei, Janka (2009). "Hungary". Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 18 Sep 2014. 
  2. ^ Kurti, Laszlo. "The Way of the Taltos: A Critical Reassessment of a Religious-Magical Specialist". 
  3. ^ Wilkinson, Iren Kertész (2009). "‘Gypsy’ [Roma-Sinti-Traveller] music". Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 18 Sep 2014.