Ćuprija

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Ćuprija
Ћуприја
Municipality and Town
Main street in Ćuprija
Main street in Ćuprija
Coat of arms of Ćuprija
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Ćuprija within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Ćuprija within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°56′N 21°22′E / 43.933°N 21.367°E / 43.933; 21.367Coordinates: 43°56′N 21°22′E / 43.933°N 21.367°E / 43.933; 21.367
Country  Serbia
District Pomoravlje
Settlements 16
Government
 • Mayor Ninoslav Erić (SNS)
Area[1]
 • Municipality 287 km2 (111 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 22,302
 • Municipality 33,356
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 35230 and 35231
Area code +381 35
Car plates ĆU
Website www.cuprija.rs

Ćuprija (Serbian Cyrillic: Ћуприја, pronounced [tɕǔprija], see names in other languages) is a town and administrative district in Serbia, at 43.93° North, 21.38° East. Ćuprija is part of Pomoravlje District (Serbian Cyrillic: Поморавски округ) in Serbia. The population of the town is 19,380, while municipality has 30,020 inhabitants.

History[edit]

The Romans founded the town as a fort Horreum Margi (Horreum: Granary, Margi: Morava) on the road from Constantinople to Rome, where it crosses the river now known as Velika Morava. It served as a Roman military base, had a shield factory[3] and gained the status of municipium before 224AD. In 505, the Romans were defeated by Goths and Huns under Mundo, a descendant of Attila the Hun.[4]

Under Slavic rule, it became known as Ravno (literal translation to English would be "flat"), since it is in a flat river valley. Some local names (of the villages Paljane and Isakovo, of the river Mirosava) recall the major clash in autumn 1191 between the Serbs (under Stefan Nemanja) and the Byzantines (under Emperor Isaac II Angelos).

In 15th century, Ćuprija became part of Ottoman Empire. After conquering this settlement, the Turks built a bridge or "köprü" in Turkish - hence the name of the town.

Shortly after the First Serbian Uprising began, in 1805 one of the first and most important battles was won by Ivankovac, near Ćuprija. Serbian uprisers under the leadership of dukes Milenko Stojković, Petar Dobrnjac, and Stevan Sinđelić defeated a Turkish army which led to further spreading of the Uprising through all of Belgrade Pashaluk. Four years after that, in 1809, Ćuprija Elementary school was founded.

During the Second Serbian Uprising, Serbian prince Miloš Obrenović made an oral agreement in Ćuprija which enabled Serbs in Belgrade Pashaluk to collect their own taxes, to participate in proceedings against Serbs and to establish a People's Office composed of Serbian princes. After Turks left Ćuprija in 1834, the town started to grow economically and eventually merged with the nearby villages of Mućava, Mrčajevci, and Žirovnica. In 1853, "Dobričevo" farm was founded. This led to the establishment of the Agricultural school in 1899. In 1911, a Sugar factory called "ŠELK 911" was founded.

During the 19th century, Ćuprija was the center of Nahiyah. After 1890, it was the seat of Morvaski okrug (Morava county).

From 1929 to 1941, Ćuprija was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

In World War Two, a special Ćuprija-Paraćin partisan troop was formed in order to fight against the German Wehrmacht. On September 26, 1941, 35 members of this troop were shot by German occupiers. The Second World War finally ended in Ćuprija on October 13, 1944, when town was liberated from the Wehrmacht during the so-called Belgrade Operation.

During the NATO bombing of Serbia in 1999, the town's centre was heavily damaged. Some buildings still remain in ruins. According to 2002 Census, the population was 20,411.

Municipality[edit]

Ćuprija has 16 settlements. List of settlements in the municipality:

Names[edit]

  • Serbian: Ћуприја, Ćuprija
  • Vlach: Ciupria or Podu Nou
  • Greek: Κυπριαι, Kypriai
  • Bulgarian: Чуприя, Chupriya; historically, Равън, Ravan or Кюприя, Kyupriya
  • Turkish: Köprü, Köprü

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ćuprija (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
23.8
(74.8)
29.0
(84.2)
33.0
(91.4)
35.4
(95.7)
40.1
(104.2)
44.6
(112.3)
42.7
(108.9)
38.0
(100.4)
32.7
(90.9)
28.0
(82.4)
21.4
(70.5)
44.6
(112.3)
Average high °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
6.9
(44.4)
12.5
(54.5)
18.3
(64.9)
23.6
(74.5)
26.7
(80.1)
29.2
(84.6)
29.5
(85.1)
24.4
(75.9)
18.4
(65.1)
11.1
(52)
5.5
(41.9)
17.5
(63.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
1.6
(34.9)
6.1
(43)
11.5
(52.7)
16.7
(62.1)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
21.3
(70.3)
16.5
(61.7)
11.4
(52.5)
5.8
(42.4)
1.5
(34.7)
11.1
(52)
Average low °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−2.8
(27)
0.7
(33.3)
5.1
(41.2)
9.7
(49.5)
12.6
(54.7)
14.1
(57.4)
13.9
(57)
10.2
(50.4)
6.1
(43)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
5.5
(41.9)
Record low °C (°F) −27.1
(−16.8)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−17.3
(0.9)
−8.1
(17.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.0
(33.8)
4.1
(39.4)
3.6
(38.5)
−3.3
(26.1)
−8.0
(17.6)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−27.1
(−16.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 46.1
(1.815)
45.4
(1.787)
45.1
(1.776)
60.6
(2.386)
64.1
(2.524)
80.2
(3.157)
57.0
(2.244)
46.6
(1.835)
52.2
(2.055)
50.6
(1.992)
53.8
(2.118)
56.5
(2.224)
658.2
(25.913)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 15 13 12 14 13 12 10 8 10 10 12 16 146
 % humidity 82 77 71 68 69 70 68 67 73 77 79 83 74
Mean monthly sunshine hours 68.9 94.0 146.6 180.8 235.7 261.0 297.1 282.9 205.5 154.6 92.8 58.2 2,078.1
Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[5]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups in the Ćuprija district (2002 census):[6]

  • Serbs = 30,549
  • Vlachs = 1,356
  • others
Ethnicity Number Percent
Serbs 89.9%
Romani 1.2%
Croats 0.7%
Macedonians 0.5%
Muslims 0.3%
Gorani 0.2%
Others 0.5%
Unknown 1.3%
TOTAL 100%

All settlements in municipality have Serb ethnic majority except two villages, Bigrenica and Isakovo with Vlach ethnic majority.

Culture[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Elementary school "Đura Jakšić"
Elementary school "Vuk Stefanović Karadžić"
Elementary school "13. Oktobar"
High school in Ćuprija
Medical High-School
Technical School
Medical College in Ćuprija
Musical Elementary School "Dušan Skovran"
School for musically gifted children
Faculty for banking and trade, Alpha University

Sports[edit]

Sport activities in Ćuprija are developed. Thanks to many athletes and coaches (such as Vera Nikolić, Dragan Zdravković, Snežana Jolović-Pajkić, Zora Antić -Tomecić, Miroslav Pavlović, Vladan Đorđević, Dušan Košutić, Vlada Jovanović, Ljiljana Šušnjar and Aleksandar Petrović etc., )Ćuprija was well known as "the Athletics town". Beside athletic, soccer (football in Europe), basketball, handball, tennis and volleyball are extremely popular sports in Ćuprija.

Ćuprija's football club "Morava" was founded in 1918 and is currently competing in Pomoravsko-Timočka football zone. It has its own stadium with a capacity of 10,000 sport fans. In Ćuprija, there could be found a dance club for those who love to dance.

Features[edit]

Ćuprija lies on international road and railway links 150 kilometres (93 miles) south of Belgrade and 90 km (56 mi) north of Niš. The main source of income is the College of Nursing and Agriculture. Ravanica Monastery, built in 1381 by Lazar of Serbia, is 8 km (5 mi) to the east.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Ćuprija is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements". Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ The later Roman Empire, 284-602: a social economic and administrative survey -Arnold Hugh Martin Jones
  4. ^ Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: F-O by Tony Jaques
  5. ^ "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981 - 2010" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Retrieved 2012-09-15. 
  6. ^ SN31

External links[edit]

Official web site of Ćuprija Municipality