Čáslav

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This article is about a town in the Czech Republic. For other uses, see Čáslav (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 49°54′42″N 15°23′42″E / 49.91167°N 15.39500°E / 49.91167; 15.39500
Čáslav
Town
Čáslav-náměstí2012.jpg
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Central Bohemian
District Kutná Hora
Commune Čáslav
Elevation 231 m (758 ft)
Coordinates 49°54′42″N 15°23′42″E / 49.91167°N 15.39500°E / 49.91167; 15.39500
Area 26.46 km2 (10.22 sq mi)
Population 10,150 (2011)
Density 384 / km2 (995 / sq mi)
Founded 800
Mayor Jaromír Strnad
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 286 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Čáslav
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.meucaslav.cz

Čáslav (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃaːslaf]; German: Tschaslau) is a town in eastern part of Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.

History[edit]

History of Čáslav begins after year 800 with founding of citadel and settlement called Hrádek. Near Hrádek, new town with huge square was founded by king Přemysl Otakar II in 1250. In 1421, Bohemian parliament debated in Čáslav and voted new Hussite government. During the Thirty Years' War, in 1639 and 1642, Čáslav was devastated and burnt down by Swedish troops. In 1751 Čáslav became the centre of region (county). Čáslav museum, one of the oldest regional museums in Bohemia was founded in 1864. In 1910, part of the cranium of famous Hussite general Jan Žižka z Trocnova was discovered in Čáslav parish church.

Synagogue[edit]

The synagogue was built between 1899 and 1900 in moorish style, designed by architect Wilhelm Stiassny. It was used until 1939 by the local Jewish community, which was then almost totally wiped out during the Shoah. After World War II the abandoned building saw use as a warehouse, and then (between 1969–1989) as a gallery. In 1989, however, it was returned to the Jewish Community in Prague and has recently been restored.

Air Base[edit]

To the northeast of the city is an active air base of the Czech Air Force.[1]

Famous persons[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]