Czech Social Democratic Party

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Czech Social Democratic Party
Česká strana sociálně demokratická
Leader Bohuslav Sobotka
Founded 1878
Headquarters Lidový dům Hybernská 7, Prague
Youth wing Young Social Democrats
Ideology Social democracy[1]
Keynesianism[2]
Political position Centre-left
International affiliation Socialist International,
Progressive Alliance
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours Orange
Chamber of Deputies
50 / 200
Senate
35 / 81
European Parliament
4 / 21
Regional councils
205 / 675
Local councils
3,806 / 62,300
Website
http://www.cssd.cz/
Politics of the Czech Republic
Political parties
Elections

The Czech Social Democratic Party (Czech: Česká strana sociálně demokratická, ČSSD) is a social-democratic[1][3][4] political party in the Czech Republic.

History[edit]

The Social Democratic Czechoslavonic party in Austria (Czech: Sociálně Demokratická strana Českoslovanská v Rakousku) was founded on 7 April 1878 in Austria-Hungary representing the Kingdom of Bohemia in the Austrian parliament. Its role in the political life of the empire was one of the factors that lead to the creation of independent Czechoslovak Republic. After the collapse of Austria-Hungary, the party became one of the leading parties of the first Czechoslovak Republic.

During the occupation of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany, the party was officially abolished, but its members organised resistance movements illegally within the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and abroad. After the re-establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic in 1945, the party returned to its pre-existing structure and became a member of the National Front. In 1948, after the Communist Party assumed the parliamentary majority, the Czech Social Democratic Party was abolished along with all other non-communist parties. Under the reformist environment in 1968, there were talks about allowing the recreation of a Social Democratic party, but Soviet intervention put an end to such ideas. It was only after the Velvet Revolution in 1989, when the party was recreated. Since the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, ČSSD has been one of the major political parties in the Czech Republic.

After the 1998 parliamentary election, the party won the most seats, but failed to form a coalition government. As a result, the party formed a minority government under party leader Miloš Zeman. With only 74 seats out of 200, the government had the confidence and supply from the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), under the so-called Opposition Agreement.

The party won the elections of 2002 with 70 of 200 representatives in the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic. Its chairman Vladimír Špidla became the prime minister heading a coalition with two small centre-right parties, the Christian and Democratic Union (KDU–ČSL) and the Freedom Union – Democratic Union (US-DEU) until his resignation in 2004.

The current chairman of the party is Jiří Paroubek since 2006. His predecessor was Stanislav Gross from 26 June 2004 to 26 April 2005. Gross resigned after a scandal which arose due to his inability to explain the source of financial resources used to pay for his home. Gross's predecessor Vladimír Špidla was forced to resign in 2004 after the ČSSD lost in the 2004 European Parliamentary elections.

In the June 2 and 3, 2006 elections, the party won 32.3% of the vote and 74 out of 200 seats. The election at first caused a stalemate since the centre-right parties (with Green Party) and centre-left parties each had 100 seats. The stalemate was broken when two ČSSD deputies, Miloš Melčák and Michal Pohanka abstained during a vote of confidence, allowing a coalition of the Civic Democrats (ODS), the KDU-ČSL, and the Green Party to form a government. Hence the ČSSD went into opposition.

Following the 2010 legislative elections, the ČSSD gained 22.08% of the vote and became the largest party with 56 seats, but having failed to form a governing coalition, remained in opposition to a coalition of the ODS, conservative TOP 09 and conservative-liberal Public Affairs parties.

Overview[edit]

Czech lands as part of Austria-Hungary:

  • 1878–1893 The Czechoslavonic Social Democratic Party in Austria (Sociálně-demokratická strana českoslovanská v Rakousku) – part of Social Democratic Party of Austria
  • 1893–1918 The Czechoslavonic Social Democratic Workers' Party (Českoslovanská sociálně demokratická stranu dělnická) – independent party

Czechoslovakia:

Czech Republic:

  • since 1993 Czech Social Democratic Party (Česká strana sociálně demokratická)

Election results[edit]

National Assembly of the Czechoslovak Republic[edit]

Election Votes Share of votes in % Seats obtained
1920
1 590 520
25.7
74
1925
632 403
8.9
29
1929
963 462
13
39
1935
1 032 773
12.6
38
1946
855 771
12
37

Czech National council/Chamber of deputies of the Czech Republic[edit]

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place Government
1990 296,165 4.1 0 6th No
1992 422,736 Increase 6.53Increase 16Increase 3rd Increase No
1996 1,602,250Increase 26.4Increase 61Increase 2ndIncrease Minority Support
1998 1,928,660Increase 32.31Increase 74Increase 1stIncrease Yes
2002 1,440,279Decrease 30.2Decrease 70Decrease 1st Yes
2006 1,728,827Increase 32.32Increase 74Increase 2ndDecrease No
2010 1,155,267Decrease 22.08Decrease 56Decrease 1stIncrease No
2013 1,016,829Decrease 20.45Decrease 50Decrease 1st Yes

Results by regions[edit]

Region 1990 1992 1996 1998 2002 2006 2010 2013
Prague 4,65 5,14 18,68 23,44 25,85 23,29 15,17 14,09
Central Bohemian 4,83 6,82 25,40 32,70 31,58 30,74 20,52 18,44
South Bohemian 3,94 8,03 24,95 31,11 30,33 30,47 20,55 20,73
West Bohemian 5,89 8,78 25,71 32,73
Plzeň 30,34 31,69 22,01 21,65
Karlovy Vary 29,31 32,73 23,29 21,34
North Bohemian 6,92 7,97 28,74 34,71
Ústí nad Labem 29,18 35,46 24,93 20,77
Liberec 27,05 29,31 19,40 16,89
East Bohemian 5,26 7,20 24,78 29,94 16,89
Hradec Králové 27,48 30,14 19,87 18,57
Pardubice 29,45 32,95 21,95 20,53
Vysočina 31,97 35,35 23,43 23,01
South Moravian 1,51 4,56 24,96 31,81 29,90 32,95 23,35 22,94
North Moravian 2,87 4,56 34,21 38,98
Olomouc 31,92 35,44 24,47 22,22
Zlín 29,06 33,28 21,93 19,39
Moravian-Silesian 36,13 40,54 29,13 26,38
Czech republic 4,11 6,53 26,44 32,31 30,20 32,32 22,08 20,45

Senate election[edit]

1996 whole Senate elected (81 seats), in next elections only one third of seats to be contested

Election Seats gained Seats lost ± Total seats
1996 25 0 +25 25
1998 3 5 -2 23
2000 1 9 -8 15
2002 7 11 -4 11
2004 0 4 -4 7
2006 6 1 +5 12
2007 1 0 +1 13
2008 23 7 +16 29
2010 12 0 +12 41
2011 1 1 0 41
2012 13 6 +7 48

European parliament election[edit]

Election Votes Share of votes in % Seats obtained
2004
204,903
8.78
2
2009
528,132
22.39
7
2014
214,800
14.17
4

Regional election[edit]

Election
Votes Share of votes in % Councillors
2000
344,441
14.67
112
2004
297,083
14.03
105
2008 1,044,719 35.86 280
2012 621,961 23.58 205

Local election[edit]

Election
Share of votes in % Councillors
1994
8.7
1,628
1998
17.54
4,259
2002
15.57
4,664
2006
16.61
4,331
2010
19.68
4,584

Chairmen of the Czech Social Democratic Party[edit]

Czechoslavonic Social Democratic Workers' Party[edit]

Czechoslovak Social Democratic Worker's Party[edit]

Czechoslovak Social Democracy[edit]

Czechoslovak Social Democracy in exile[edit]

Czechoslovak Social Democracy[edit]

Czech Social Democratic Party[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  2. ^ "Long-term party program". 
  3. ^ Paul G. Lewis (2000). Political Parties in Post-Communist Eastern Europe. Routledge. pp. 51–. ISBN 978-0-415-20182-7. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Dimitri Almeida (27 April 2012). The Impact of European Integration on Political Parties: Beyond the Permissive Consensus. CRC Press. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-1-136-34039-0. Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Kowalski, Werner. Geschichte der sozialistischen Arbeiter-Internationale: 1923 – 1938, Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften, 1985. p. 327.

External links[edit]