Česká televize

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Česká televize
Type Broadcast television
Country Czech Republic
Availability National
Slogan "Česká televize ve vašich barvách"
("Czech Television in your colours")
Owner Government of the Czech Republic
Key people
Petr Dvořák (since from 1.10.2011)
Launch date
1992 (1953) (1992 (1953))
Official website
www.ceskatelevize.cz
Česká televize building in Prague

Česká televize (Czech pronunciation: [ˈt͡ʃɛskaː ˈtɛlɛvɪzɛ], Czech abbreviation ČT, "Czech Television") is the public television broadcaster in the Czech Republic, broadcasting six channels.

History[edit]

Czechoslovak Television[edit]

Television in Czechoslovakia started to take its first steps before World War II. However, before visible results could be achieved, all activities were interrupted by the war. Research continued after the war, the first trial television broadcast was shown in 1948 at the MEVRO International Radio Exhibition in Prague.

A trial television broadcast from Studio Prague started on May 1, 1953, and on February 25, 1954 it was declared regular. Soon, additional studios were established: in Ostrava on December 31, 1955, in Bratislava on November 3, 1956, in Brno on July 6, 1961, and in Košice on February 25, 1962.

A second channel, ČST TV2, was launched in 1970. Colour broadcasting began on the second channel in 1973 and in 1975 on the first channel.

Czech Television[edit]

Czech Television was established as of January 1, 1992, based on the Czech Television Act (Act No. 483/1991 Coll.) as a television service for the citizens of the Czech Republic.

On January 1, 1993, a new concept of channels broadcast by Czech Television was introduced, which were renamed to ČT1 (formerly ČTV), ČT2 (formerly F1), and ČT3 (formerly OK3). On February 3, 1994, Czech Television freed one of the nationwide broadcast channels in accordance with the law; starting February 4, 1994 Czech Television was left with two channels, ČT1 and ČT2.

In 2005 news channel ČT24 and the following year ČT4 Sport were launched. In 2012, the broadcaster added two new channels, ČT :D (children's) and ČT art (arts/culture).

Czech TV Crisis[edit]

Main article: Czech TV crisis

The "Czech TV crisis" occurred at the end of 2000 and lasted until early 2001 as a battle for control of the airwaves, which included jamming and accusations of censorship. During the Czech TV crisis, Czech TV reporters organized an industrial dispute by staging a sit-in and occupying the news studio and rejected attempts by Jana Bobošíková to fire them. They were supported in their protest by politicians such as the then President Václav Havel and by Czech celebrities, but every time they tried to air their news broadcasts, Bobošíková and Jiří Hodač would jam the transmission either with a "technical fault" screen reading: "An unauthorized signal has entered this transmitter. Broadcasting will resume in a few minutes", or with their own news broadcasts featuring Jana Bobošíková and a team she had hired to "replace" the staff members she had sought to terminate.

The Czech TV crisis eventually ended in early 2001, following the departure from Czech TV of Hodač and Bobošíková, under pressure by the street demonstration participants and at the request of the Czech Parliament, which had held an emergency session due to the crisis.

Channels[edit]

Current[edit]

Logo Type of programming
ČT1 HD logo 2012.svg

ČT1 is a generalist channel, showing family-oriented television, Czech movies, children's programming, news and documentaries. ČT1 HD is the high-definition version of ČT1. Previously HD programming was shown on ČT HD, covering ČT1, ČT2 and ČT4.

ČT2 logo 2012.svg

ČT2 broadcasts documentaries and nature-oriented shows such as documentary films by David Attenborough. This channel also frequently shows foreign films in the original versions with Czech subtitles, including many English-language movies. ČT2 HD is the high-definition version of ČT2.

Ct24 new logo.png

CT24 is a 24-hour news channel, with news programme, which broadcasts continually, offering hot news with live material every hour, extended economic and cultural news, discussions, magazines, economic overviews etc.

ČT24 is broadcast live over the internet, as well as over the satellites Astra 3A, Astra 1KR and Intelsat 10-02. It is also carried on Czech cable-TV providers and digital terrestrial services.

ČT Sport HD logo 2012.svg

ČT Sport (previously ČT4 Sport and ČT4) is a sports channel, it broadcasts live over the satellites Astra 3A, Astra 1KR and Intelsat 10-02. It is also carried on Czech cable-TV providers and digital terrestrial services. Broadcast parts of major world, European and Czech sports events (i.e. Olympic Games, World Cups or European Championships) are broadcast here.

ČT Sport HD is the high-definition version of ČT Sport, launched on 3 May 2012 and replaced ČT HD.

ČT-D logo.svg

ČT :D is a children's channel designed for young viewers 4 to 12 years of age and was launched on 31 August 2012.

ČT Art logo.svg

ČT art is an arts and culture channel launched on 31 August 2012.

Former[edit]

Logo Type of programming

ČT HD was the high-definition channel from ČT, broadcasting programmes from ČT1, ČT2 and ČT Sport. On 1 March 2012, the channel was transformed into ČT1 HD.

Funding and management[edit]

Česká televize is funded through television licence fees (larger part of revenue) and from advertising (where it is less successful than commercial television stations). During 2004 and 2005 the organisation lobbied the Czech government to increase the licence fee so that advertising could be eliminated.

Media occasionally raise questions about how much Česká televize is able to withstand pressure both from the governing parties and the opposition and maintain unbiased and critical coverage of politics. Most criticism are from left-wing and nationalist parties and groups. In long struggle with ČT is also president of Czech Republic, Milos Zeman, who on last occasion unofficially suggest to create possibility for citizens who disagree with ČT, can pay compulsory television licence fee (in Czech Republic, every adult citizen have to pay TV licence fee, even if he or she does not have television) for charitable and social programs. Because of biased anti-Zeman and anti-leftist stances, some left-wing legislators (Jaroslav Foldyna and others) said they will vote against annual report of ČT until all financial connections of ČT will be revealed. In 2013 was publicly revealed information about incomes and salaries of ČT official Karel Burian, director of Brno ČT who earned in first half of 2011 nearly 2 million CZK (about 80,000 USD), which is much more than Czech Republic top politicians, including more than prime minister or president of Czech Republic.[1][2][3]

The current General Manager of Česká televize is Petr Dvořák, who was elected for a six-year term by the Czech Television Council (Rada České televize).

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°03′N 14°25.57′E / 50.050°N 14.42617°E / 50.050; 14.42617