Črnomerec

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Črnomerec
Location of Črnomerec
Government
 • Council president Josip Jelić (HDZ)
Area
 • Total 24.33 km2 (9.39 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 38,546
 • Density 1,593.4/km2 (4,127/sq mi)

Črnomerec (Croatian pronunciation: [t͡ʃr̩noměːret͡s]) is one of the city districts of Zagreb, Croatia. It is located in the western part of the city and has 38,546 inhabitants.[1]

History[edit]

Archeological findings from Donja Kustošija show evidence of early stone age settlements on this area, some 35,000 years ago. There are even more artifacts from Roman period, including Roman road from mountain Medvednica to river Sava via this area.[2]

Črnomerec was first mentioned as Village Černomerci near Chapel of Holy Spirit in the 14th century, as the biggest village near city (of Zagreb). This ancient Chapel of Holy Spirit was abandoned after Jesuit order was dismissed (1773). It was destroyed in 1810 when lightning struck hit it while used as ammunition depot for nearby army barracks.[3]

For centuries the Črnomerec Stream was border of Zagreb city area, with malta (toll gate) on it. All vehicles entering the city area were due to pay maltarina, as well as peasants bringing their produce to be sold at city's markets. Local legend says that the district's name derives from toll officers that were clad in black (črno means black, and merec person that measures).

Črnomerec city district covers much wider area than former village, incorporating also old urbanized villages of Vrhovec, Jelenovec, Kustošija, Fraterščica, Čukovići, and others. Positioned on the very end of historic Zagreb, according to urban regulation plans from 1865, 1887 and 1919 Črnomerec was meant to serve as industrial and army part of the city. Therefore number of factories and army barracks were built there, together with substandard suburban housing.[4]

Economy and public affairs[edit]

The following factories are positioned in Črnomerec:

Croatian Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction and Ministry of Interior have seats in Črnomerec.

Buildings and monuments[edit]

The new chapel was built on the place of ancient Chapel of Saint Spirit in 1832, as well as Church of Saint Anthony of Padua with monastery.[3]

West Railway Station, Zagreb, Croatia

The first railway station in Zagreb, initially called South Station, than Sava Station, now West Railway Station (Croatian: Zapadni kolodvor) was built in 1862.

In the area of Sisters of Charity Hospital in Vinogradska Street there is the Chapel of Sacred Heart, built in 1896.

Wealthy Pongratz family built in Mikulići a unique summer house in Romanesque Revival style in 1868.[2]

Medvedgrad (bear-town), medieval fortified town is located on the south slopes of Medvednica mountain, approximately halfway to the mountain top Sljeme.

From end of the 19th century Črnomerec was the main location for army barracks in Zagreb: Domobranska, Vozarska, Bataljunska, Topnička, Rudolfova. Although still standing, most all of them eventually got another functions - as factories, schools, ministries, courts. The most famous, Rudolf barracks (Croatian: Rudolfova vojarna), built in 1888, is today under protection as monument of architecture.[5] [6]

In 2006 Zagreb City Council decided that, on the newly named Franjo Tuđman Square, a monumental statue of the first Croatian president will be erected.[7]

In 2010, a mass grave from World War II was discovered near the settlement of Gornja Kustošija.[8][9] Exhumations of the mass grave began in February 2011, thus far revealing the remains of nine victims.[10][11]

List of neighborhoods[edit]

  • Bijenik
  • Čukovići
  • Dedići
  • Filipović Drive (former commune "Bartol Kašić")
  • Fraterščica
  • French Republic Square (former commune "Ban Keglević")
  • Gornja Kustošija
  • Gornje Selo
  • Gornji Lukšić
  • Jelenovac
  • Kajfešov brijeg
  • Kustošija
  • Lukšić
  • Mikulići
  • Sveti Duh
  • Šestinski dol
  • Šestinski vrh
  • Vrhovec

Neighboring districts[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Districts of City of Zagreb, 2011 Census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Mjesna samouprava > Gradska četvrt Črnomerec > Općenito o Gradskoj četvrti". Grad Zagreb (in Croatian). Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  3. ^ a b "Branimir Špoljarić: Zagreb od vugla do vugla" (PDF). Vjesnik on-line (in Croatian). 1999-08-26. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 
  4. ^ Knežević, Snješka (1997). "Povijest područja bivše Rudolfove vojarne i Trga Francuske republike u Zagrebu". Godišnjak zaštite spomenika kulture Hrvatske 22/1996 - 23/1997 (in Croatian) (Zagreb): 61. ISSN 0350-2589. 
  5. ^ Matejčić, Barbara (2007-03-23). "Napuštene vojarne za novi grad" (in Croatian). Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  6. ^ "Rudolf u hrvatskoj prijestolnici" (PDF) (in Croatian). 2003-06-10. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  7. ^ "Tuđman gets his square in Zagreb". Retrieved 2006-07-02. 
  8. ^ FOTO: U Zagrebu otkrivena masovna grobnica vojnika NDH, Jutarnji List
  9. ^ Zagreb: Otkrivena masovna grobnica iz Drugoga svjetskog rata, Večernji list
  10. ^ Kustošijanci: U jami je 17 leševa, a i šuma ih je prepuna, Večernji list
  11. ^ Croatian police exhume suspected mass grave in Zagreb containing post-WWII victims

Coordinates: 45°49′57.11″N 15°56′17.91″E / 45.8325306°N 15.9383083°E / 45.8325306; 15.9383083