Sts. Simon and Jude the Apostle Church
Map of districts in Ljubljana. The Črnuče District is number 3.
|Traditional region||Upper Carniola|
|Statistical region||Central Slovenia|
|• Total||17.9 km2 (6.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||298 m (978 ft)|
Črnuče (pronounced [tʃəɾˈnuːtʃɛ]; German: Tschernutsch), now administratively the Črnuče District (Slovene: Četrtna skupnost Črnuče), is a former town and now a district of the City Municipality of Ljubljana in the northern part of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. It lies on the left bank of the Sava River. It was part of the traditional region of Upper Carniola and is now included with the rest of the municipality in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.
Črnuče was attested in written sources in 1322 as Zternutss (and as Zernushez in 1345, Zernuch in 1362, and Zarnusch in 1439). The name is derived from the plural demonym *Čьrnuťane, based on the Slavic personal name *Čьrnutъ, presumably referring to an early inhabitant of the place. In the past the German name was Tschernutsch.
The remains of a prehistoric fortification with embankments was discovered at Tabor Hill (370 m), testifying to early settlement of the area. A prehistoric fort has also been identified south of this at Gradišče. At the site of the current bridge across the Sava River there was a Roman bridge supported by 26 piles. It is believed that the Romans' Sava Fluvia station, marked on the Peutinger Map, stood at this site. Firing tranches dating to 1813, used to guard the bridge during the Napoleonic Wars, are still preserved. The lower part of a French gravestone from this time can also be found along a path in the woods to Spodnje Gameljne.
Črnuče was annexed by the City of Ljubljana in 1980, ending its existence as an independent settlement.
The church in Črnuče is dediated to Saints Simon and Jude. It was first mentioned in written sources in 1526. The church was remodeled in the Baroque style in 1743. It was elevated to a vicariate in 1764, and to a parish in 1875. The church was damaged in the 1895 Ljubljana earthquake, and a new neo-Romanesque church was built based on plans by the Austrian architect Raimund Jeblinger (1853–1937). The new church was completed in 1897. The church includes a baptismal chapel designed by Jože Plečnik and stations of the cross from the workshop of Leopold Layer (1752–1828). The interior of the church was painted by Anton Jebačin (1850–1927).
Notable people that were born or lived in Črnuče include:
- Savnik, Roman, ed. 1971. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 349.
- Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 106.
- Ljubljana municipal site
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 103.
- Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.