Đuro Pucar

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Đurađ Pucar
Đuro Pucar.jpg
1st President of the People's Assembly of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
December 1953 – June 1963
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Ratomir Dugonjić
1st President of the Executive Council of

People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

In office
March 1953 – December 1953
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Avdo Humo
2nd Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
September 1948 – March 1953
Preceded by Rodoljub Čolaković
Succeeded by Office abolished
2nd President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
November 1946 – September 1948
Preceded by Vojislav Kecmanović
Succeeded by Vlado Šegrt
Personal details
Born (1899-12-13)13 December 1899
Kesići, Bosansko Grahovo, Austria-Hungary
Died 12 April 1979(1979-04-12) (aged 79)
Belgrade, SFR Yugoslavia
Citizenship Yugoslav
Political party League of Communists of Yugoslavia
Profession Politician, soldier
Religion (none) Atheist
Military service
Allegiance  Yugoslavia
Service/branch Yugoslav Partisans
Years of service 1941–45
Rank Colonel General
Battles/wars Battle of Kozara
Awards Order of the People's Hero
Order of the Hero of Socialist Labour
Order of the Yugoslav Star

Đurađ "Đuro" Pucar "Stari" (Serbian Cyrillic: Ђурађ "Ђуро" Пуцар "Стари"; 13 December 1899 – 12 April 1979) was a Yugoslav and Bosnian politician. During World War II he was a member of the Yugoslav Partisans and was later decorated with the Order of the People's Hero and twice with the Order of the Hero of Socialist Labour. After the war he held the position of the President of the Presidium of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1946 to 1948 and from 1948 to 1953 he served as the President of the Government of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Biography[edit]

Đuro Pucar as a political prisoner.

Pucar was born on 13 December 1899 in Kesići (part of Bosansko Grahovo). He originated from a poor peasant family. After he finished elementary school he learned farriery in Baranja and Pécs in Hungary. During that time he connected with other workers and became a member of a worker's movement.

In 1920, he joined the Young Communist League of Yugoslavia, and in 1922 he became a member of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. He was very active in the unions and for a long time he was the union's official. From 1924 to 1929 his activity was based in Subotica[1] Because of the dissemination of leaflets by his "Bečkerečka grupa", he was sentenced to eight years in prison by the Court for Protection of the State.[2] Because he continued his party activity with other prisoners he was sentenced to another two years. He spent ten years in prisons in Lepoglava and Sremska Mitrovica.

After he was released Pucar lived in Sarajevo illegally by order of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. In Sarajevo he worked in the provincial committee of the Communist Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Soon, he was arrested by the police and returned to his hometown, however Pucar returned to Sarajevo and continue his illegal activity.

As a delegate of the Communist Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Pucar participated in the Fifth National Conference of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in Zagreb in November 1940. At that conference he was elected to be a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. After he returned to Sarajevo he worked on popularization of the Communist Party until the start of the Invasion of Yugoslavia by Nazi Germany in April 1941.

When World War II started in Yugoslavia, Pucar was one of the main organizers of the Partisans on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[3] When the Central Committee of the Communist Party decided to start a rebellion against the Axis forces on 4 July 1941, Pucar went to Banja Luka.[4] In Banja Luka, Pucar prepared a rebellion in Bosanska Krajina, and when action started he joined the Yugoslav Partisans. He was member of Partisans until the end of the war, commanding with Bosanska Krajina Partisans.

As a secretary of Regional Committee of the Communist Party for Bosanska Krajina, Pucar constantly visited the Party's organizations and recruited volunteers. He participated in the Party's consultations in Šehitluci near Banja Luka and Orlovići near Prijedor. During the war, Pucar was one of the most notable persons in Bosanska Krajina. He organized various political and military consultations. Pucar came into conflict with the Axis forces during the Battle of Kozara and Battle for Grmeč.

He was a member of the Supreme Command of the People's Liberation Movement's detachments of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vice-President of ZAVNOBiH and of the Presidency of AVNOJ.

After the Communists took power at the end of the war, Pucar served on various high-ranking positions; he was the Minister without portfolio in the first Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina,[5] President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Vice-President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly of FPR Yugoslavia from 1946 to September 1948. He was also the President of the Executive Council of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and secretary of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina from September 1948 to December 1953. He was the President of the Assembly of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina again from December 1953 to June 1963.

Pucar was a member of the Executive Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia and secretary of the Executive Committee of the League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Pucar died on 12 April 1979 in Belgrade at the Military Medical Academy and was buried in Novo groblje in Sarajevo.

Gallery[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Vojislav Kecmanović
President of the Presidium of People's Assembly of PR Bosnia and Herzegovina
November 1946–September 1948
Succeeded by
Vlado Šegrt
Preceded by
Vice-President of the Presidium of People's Assembly of FPR Yugoslavia
November 1946–September 1948
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Rodoljub Čolaković
Prime Minister of the PR Bosnia and Herzegovina
September 1948–March 1953
Succeeded by
Preceded by
President of the Executive Council of the PR Bosnia and Herzegovina
March 1953–December 1953
Succeeded by
Avdo Humo
Preceded by
President of the Assembly of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
December 1953–June 1963
Succeeded by
Ratomir Dugonjić
Party political offices
Preceded by
Secretary of the Regional Committee of the Communist Party for Bosanska Krajina
1941–1945
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Secretary of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina
September 1948-December 1953
Succeeded by


References[edit]

  1. ^ (Croatian) Sekulić, Ante. Bački Bunjevci i Šokci, p. 168. Školska knjiga, 1989. ISBN 86-03-99172-3
  2. ^ (Croatian) Peršen, Mirko. Lepoglava, p. 58. Epoha, 1963.
  3. ^ (Croatian) Čubelić, Tomo; Milostić, Milovan. Pregled historije Narodnooslobodilačkog rata, p. 71. Matica hrvatska, 1963
  4. ^ (Serbo-Croatian) Vasileva, Jokica Hadži. Ilegalne akcije u gradovima, p. 129. Kultura, 1963.
  5. ^ (Bosnian) Imamović, Mustafa. Historija države i prava Bosne i Hercegovine, p. 414. M. Imamović, 1999. ISBN 9958-9844-0-7