|Born||August 5, 1826|
|Died||September 13, 1871(aged 45)|
|Occupation||Journalist, Poet, Playwright|
He began his career as an officer in the Ottoman administration, where he learned Arabic, Persian and French. From 1849 to 1853 he studied under the direction of Mustafa Reşid Pasha in Paris, where he came into contact with French literature and French intellectuals; among other things, he was a member of the Société Asiatique.
During his time in Paris, he translated several works from French into Ottoman Turkish.
From 1860 he was co-editor of the newspaper Tercüman-ı Ahvâl ("Interpreter of Events"). In 1862, he founded his own newspaper Tasvir-i Efkâr ("Enlightenment of the Thoughts"), the first truly influential newspaper in the Ottoman Empire. He temporarily joined the Young Ottomans in 1865 and had to go into exile in Paris. He transferred the management of the Tasvir-i Efkâr to his employee Namık Kemal. Şinasi returned to Istanbul only shortly before his death.
He is regarded as a literary pioneer, not only because he produced the first collection of Ottoman Turkish proverbs, but he also wrote the first Ottoman play. Before his death he was working on an Ottoman Turkish dictionary, but he did not finish it.
- Tercüme-i Manzume (1859, Translation of poems from the French of La Fontaine, Lamartine, Gilbert and Racine)
- Şairin evlenmesi (1859, Play)
- Durub-i Emsal-i Osmaniye (1863, Proverbs)
- Müntahabat-i eş'ar (1863)
- Between Politics and Literature:Journals in Alexandria and Istanbul at the End of the Nineteenth Century, Elisabeth Kendall, Modernity and Culture: From the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, ed. Leila Tarazi Fawaz, C. A. Bayly, (Columbia University Press, 2002), 333.
- Between Politics and Literature:Journals in Alexandria and Istanbul at the End of the Nineteenth Century, Elisabeth Kendall, Modernity and Culture: From the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, 333.
- Between Politics and Literature:Journals in Alexandria and Istanbul at the End of the Nineteenth Century, Elisabeth Kendall, Modernity and Culture: From the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, 334.
- An Overview of Turkish Drama (until 1970), Talat S. Halman, İbrahim the Mad and Other Plays:An Anthology of Turkish Plays, Vol. I, ed. Talât Sait Halman, Jayne L. Warner, (Syracuse University Press, 2008), xviii.
- Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey: Information on the membership of the Grand Lodge at Edhem (Turkish)
- M. Sükrü Hanioglu, A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire, (Princeton University Press, 2008), 100.
- Beatrix Caner: Türkische Literatur: Klassiker der Moderne, Georg Olms Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-487-10711-2 pages 75–78
- Mona Baker, Kirsten Malmkjær: Routledge encyclopedia of translation studies, Routledge, 2001, ISBN 0-415-25517-1, page 742f
- Niyazi Berkes, Feroz Ahmad: The development of secularism in Turkey, Routledge, 1998, ISBN 0-415-91983-5, page 197f
- Balázs Trencsényi, Michal Kopeček: Discourses of collective identity in Central and Southeast Europe (1770–1945), Central European University Press, 2006, ISBN 963-7326-52-9, pages 188–193
- O.Spies: Die moderne türkische Literatur in: Handbuch der Orientalistik: Turkologie, BRILL, 1982, ISBN 90-04-06555-5, page 342f