Tea plantations on the slopes of Rize (Ikizdere valley).
Location of İkizdere within Turkey.
|• Mayor||Hasan Kösoğlu (AKP)|
|• District Governor||Abdil Koç|
|• District||953.64 km2 (368.20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||31 m (102 ft)|
|• District density||5.7/km2 (15/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||(0090)+ 464|
Formerly known as Kuray-ı Sab, İkizdere means "two streams" and indeed the Çamlık and Cimil Rivers meet here to form the İkizdere.
Structure and ethnicity of people
There are four different ethnic group in the district.
After Sultan Mehmed II conquered this province in 1461, the people living there had one -GOD belief. In addition that, those people were far of paganism. It was one of those results for this landlords to choose Islam without war, and it caused to be let to stay and live in Turkey freely,during exchange of people between Greece and Turkey, after World War I. If you may visit this kind province, perhaps you may not find any speakers of Romeik (Pontic Greek) language at young ages, however; there is so many speakers of this old-ancient-Greek language at old ages in this kind land. There is 21 villages in this land and the people in this villages are known with their very religious structure. So many of this people were died in the war between Russia and Ottoman Empire in 1788, and as well as in World War-I. Since these people were very patriotic people, Kemal Atatürk had always chosen his guards from this land. Because he knew, although these people were of Greek-origin, they were strict Muslims and very clever and very honest in order to trust. Nowadays, there is so many words of Romeik at the Turkish, they are using, and people are going to forget this language, because of the politics. These people are being assimilated very well.
- Muslim Greek-origin Kurayiseba
- Name of the villages, Turkish name at first, then (old Romeic Pontic one:
- Güneyce köyü "Varda", Rüzgârlı köyü "Mize", Kirazlık köyü "Manle",
Şimşirli Köyü "Komes", Ilıca Köyü "Vane", Demirkapı "Homeze", Yağcılar "Veliköy", Sivrikaya-Çamlık köyleri"Köhser" Gölyayla köyü "Kabahor", Çağrankaya köyü "Kafkame", Cevizlik köyü "Plakorum", Tulumxar "Tulumpınar", Anzer "Ancer", Ayvalık köyü "Kapse", Bakırköy köyü "Koylav", Tozköy "Mahura", Yerelma köyü "Cevatoz", Meşeköy "Petran". Ortaköy-Başköy "Cimil", Eskice-Çataltepe "Haya", Gürdere köyü "Ethone", Diktaş köyü "İksenit", Ballıköy-Çiçekli Köy- Köseli Köyü "Anzer".
This is hilly countryside inland from the Black Sea, forest-covered steep mountainside separated by narrow valleys, with areas of high pasture. The İkizdere is formed from streams running out of the Rize Mountains and continues down to the Black Sea, it is dammed for hydro-electric power and for irrigation. There is snow on the high peaks and lots of glacial formation. The climate is typical of the Black Sea region i.e. it rains all the time. There is broad-leaf forest at lower elevations and pine higher up.
İkizdere is an agricultural district, growing tea on the hillsides and potatoes in the valley, and now some kiwi fruit are being planted also. Cattle and sheep are grazed on the hillsides, going up to the high pastures (yayla) in summer. Beekeeping is another important source of income, particularly in the village of Anzer. And this very attractive countryside is now attracting tourists, on trekking holidays. However on the whole İkizdere is not a wealthy region and the younger generations migrate to Turkey's larger cities in search of jobs.
See Rize Province for a history of this area, once part of the Byzantine Empire and later the Empire of Trebizond, during which periods there was a monastery there in İkizdere. The area was absorbed into the Ottoman Empire by Mehmet II in 1461.
Places of interest
- Merkez Camisi - The central mosque
- The mosque in the village of Şimşirli
- The mosque of Hacı Şeyh in the town of Güneyce
- Güneyce bridge
- The mineral water springs of Şimşirli and Ilıcaköy
There are also a number of interesting wooden houses from the Ottoman period, and many areas of high meadow for walking and trekking, including:
- the honey-producing Anzer Yaylası
- the forest area of Çamlık
- Çağrankaya and Ovit - other areas of high pasture
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- (Turkish) District governor's official website