Łęczyca Castle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Łęczyca Royal Castle
Zamek Królewski w Łęczycy.jpg
General information
Architectural style Polish Gothic
Town or city Łęczyca
Country Poland
Construction started 1357
Completed 1370
Demolished 1655, 1707

The Łęczyca Royal Castle is a medieval castle situated in Łęczyca, Poland. The castle was erected by Casimir III the Great as a fortification during 1357-1370.[1]

History[edit]

Immediately after its completion, the Castle became a residence of king Casimir the Great, and then was the seat of governor od Łęczyca. In 1406 it was burned by the Teutonic Knights and rebuilt the following years to serve as a place of a conference in 1409, where decisions were taken in connection with the approaching war with the Order.[1] After the Battle of Grunwald many of the Teutonic Knights were incarcerated here.[2] In subsequent years, four diets were held here (1420, 1448, 1454 and 1462), and the castle became the seat of the king Casimir IV Jagiellon during another war with the Order (1454-1466).[2]

After a great fire in the second half of the 15th century the castle remain in ruins till the early 1560s.[2] Then, in 1563-1565, Jan Lutomirski, Grand Treasurer of the Crown completely rebuilt the castle.[2] The cost of the entire project amounted to nearly 3,000 florins, derived from the royal treasury. The disasters that strucked the stronghold in the first half of the 17th century, helped the Swedish General Robert Douglas, Count of Skenninge to take the castle, which was defended by starosta Jakub Olbrycht Szczawiński, during the Deluge in 1655.[2] The destruction was completed in 1707 during another another Swedish occupation.[2]

Over the next years local residents used the remains of the castle as a source of building materials. After the World War II, the castle became the seat of the scout troop, and in 1964 reconstruction started.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Polish) Ryszard Rogiński (1990). Zamki i twierdze w Polsce: historia i legendy (Castles and fortresses in Poland: history and legends). Instytut Wydawniczy Związków Zawodowych. p. 50. ISBN 83-202-0796-7. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g (Polish) "Rys historyczny zamku". www.zamek.leczyca.info.pl. Retrieved 2010-09-12. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°03′31″N 19°12′13″E / 52.05861°N 19.20361°E / 52.05861; 19.20361