Łaski's Statute

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Jan Łaski presents the Statutes, adopted by the Sejm, to King Aleksander Jagiellon.

Łaski's Statute(s) (Polish: Statut(y) Łaskiego, Latin: Commune Incliti Poloniae regni privilegium constitutionum et indultuum publicitus decretorum approbatorumque), of 1505, was the first codification of law published in the Kingdom of Poland. The printing in 1506 was the first illustrated printing in Poland.[1]

History[edit]

Łaski's Statutes were drawn up by Chancellor and Primate Jan Łaski (hence they are named for him) and consolidated nearly all the legislation that had earlier appeared in Poland. Łaski had been asked to codify existing Polish law by the Sejm (parliament), meeting in 1505 at Radom.[2]

The Statutes, in 720 folio pages, comprised two parts. The first, confirmed by King Aleksander Jagiellon and thus carrying the force of law, collected all manner of legislation—privileges, statutes and edicts promulgated by the king or adopted by the Sejm, as well as treaties, such as peace treaties that had been entered into with the Teutonic Order. The second part discussed the legal system, primarily Magdeburg law, and included text from the Sachsenspiegel, Weichbild and Lübeck law.[3][4]

The Statutes showed a certain bias in promoting Łaski's political views: they supported the execution movement, which sought to strengthen the power of the lesser nobility (szlachta) and the king, while weakening the aristocratic magnates, and so omitted some documents that favored the magnates. Notably, Łaski's Statutes omitted the 1501 Privilege of Mielnik and Union of Mielnik. The Mielnik laws represented a conflict between the king and magnates: both had made promises prior to the King's election, and both refused to confirm them afterward.[4][5]

Printed the following year (1506) by Jan Haller in Kraków and widely distributed, Łaski's Statutes would remain in force as a fundamental codification of Polish law until the late-18th-century Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Norman Davies God's Playground A History of Poland: Volume 1: The Origins to 1795 1981 reprint 2005 Page 118 "Jan Haller, another Franconian, and Kasper Hochfeld, had the distinction of publishing Poland's first illustrated work, Jan Laski's legal 'Statutes', in 1506."
  2. ^ Jerzy Jan Lerski, Piotr Wróbel, Richard J. Kozicki, Historical Dictionary of Poland, 966–1945, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 0-313-26007-9, Google Print, p.321
  3. ^ Antonio Padoa-Schioppa, Legislation and Justice, Oxford University Press, 1997, ISBN 0-19-820546-5, Google Print, p.143
  4. ^ a b (Polish) Galeria Kształtowanie się społeczeństwa obywatelskiego: Statut Łaskiego (English mirror but with less content)
  5. ^ Norman Davies, God's Playground, Columbia University Press, 1982, ISBN 0-231-05351-7, Google Print, p.141

References[edit]

  • W.A. Maciejowski, "O kodyfikacji praw w dawnej Polsce i jej znaczeniu europejskiem," Na Dziś. Pismo Zbiorowe, vol. II, 1872.
  • Stanisław Kutrzeba, Historja źródeł dawnego prawa polskiego, vol. I, Lwów, 1925.
  • B. Miodońska, "Przedstawienie państwa polskiego w Statucie Łaskiego z r. 1506," Folia Historiae Artium, vol. V, 1968.

External links[edit]