Łaziska Górne

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Łaziska Górne
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Łaziska Górne
Coat of arms
Łaziska Górne is located in Poland
Łaziska Górne
Łaziska Górne
Coordinates: 50°9′N 18°51′E / 50.150°N 18.850°E / 50.150; 18.850Coordinates: 50°9′N 18°51′E / 50.150°N 18.850°E / 50.150; 18.850
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian
County Mikołów
Gmina Łaziska Górne (urban gmina)
Government
 • Mayor Aleksander Wyra
Area
 • City 20.7 km2 (8.0 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • City 21,942
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,746,000
 • Metro 5,294,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-170 do 43-173
Car plates SMI
Website www.laziska.pl

Łaziska Górne [waˈʑiska ˈɡurnɛ] (German: Ober Lazisk, Silesian: Gůrne Łaziska [1]) is a town in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. Borders on the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - metropolis with the population of 2 millions. Located in the Silesian Highlands.

It is situated in the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999, previously in Katowice Voivodeship, and before then, of the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship. Łaziska is one of the towns of the 2,7 million conurbation - Katowice urban area and within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people.[2] The population of the town is 21,942 (2008).[3]

History[edit]

Łaziska is historically subdivided into three parts: Łaziska Dolne (Lower Łaziska), Łaziska Średnie (middle Łaziska) and Łaziska Górne (upper Łaziska). All of them are now part of the town, which was named only after the last one. The oldest settlement was located in what is now Łaziska Średnie. The village Łaziska was first mentioned in 1287 as villa Lasiszka, although the document could have been a falsificate. The second in seniority was Łaziska Dolne, and the youngest Łaziska Górne.

During the political upheaval caused by Matthias Corvinus the land around Pszczyna was overtaken by Casimir II, Duke of Cieszyn, who sold it in 1517 to the Hungarian magnates of the Thurzó family, forming the Pless state country. In the accompanying sales document issued on 21 February 1517 the village was mentioned as Wyry.[4] Łaziska Średnie was, in contrary to Łaziska Dolne and Łaziska Górne, a private village until 1814.

The Kingdom of Bohemia in 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the War of the Austrian Succession most of Silesia was conquered by the Kingdom of Prussia, including the three sister settlements.

Industry[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Łaziska Górne is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Steuer's Silesian alphabet
  2. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) [1]
  3. ^ Powierzchnia i ludność w przekroju terytorialnym w 2008 - Central Statistical Office in Poland ISSN 1505-5507 , 13.08.2008
  4. ^ Musioł, Ludwik (1930). "Dokument sprzedaży księstwa pszczyńskiego z dn. 21. lutego 1517 R.". Roczniki Towarzystwa Przyjaciół Nauk na Śląsku (Katowice: nakł. Towarzystwa ; Drukiem K. Miarki) R. 2: 235–237. Retrieved 12 September 2014.