Ōnishiki Uichirō

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ōnishiki Uichirō
大錦 卯一郎
The 26th Yokozuna Ōnishiki Uichirō.JPG
Personal information
Born Uichiro Hosokawa
(1891-11-25)November 25, 1891
Osaka, Japan
Died May 13, 1941(1941-05-13) (aged 49)
Height 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)
Weight 139 kg (306 lb)
Career
Stable Dewanoumi
Record 119-16-32-3draws (Makuuchi)
Debut January, 1910
Highest rank Yokozuna (May, 1917)
Retired January, 1923
Championships 5 (Makuuchi)
1 (Jūryō)
1 (Jonidan)
* Up to date as of September 2007.

Ōnishiki Uichirō (大錦 卯一郎, November 25, 1891 – May 13, 1941) was a sumo wrestler. He was the sport's 26th yokozuna. On November 2, 1922, he became the first yokozuna to perform the yokozuna dohyō-iri at the Meiji Shrine.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Osaka on November 25, 1891.

He trained under former yokozuna Hitachiyama Taniemon, joining his Dewanoumi stable.[2] He was promoted to the top makuuchi division in January 1915. After finishing the May 1915 tournament with a 9-1 record at the komusubi rank, he was promoted to ōzeki. He won his first yūshō or championship with a perfect 10-0 record in the January 1917 tournament and was promoted to yokozuna. He reached the top yokozuna rank after only 5 tournaments, which is the all-time record.

He lost only 16 bouts in his entire career. He won five top division tournament championships and was runner-up in four others. He was very smart in comparison with most sumo wrestlers of his era, and so he was very strong and recorded the high winning percentage of 88.1. He also recorded only three draws.

However, his career suddenly ended. In January 1923, sumo wrestlers went on strike against the Tokyo Sumo Association. The walkout is called Mikawajima-Incident (三河島事件, Mikawajima-Jiken). Ōnishiki attempted to mediate, but failed.[3] After police intervention, the striking wrestlers achieved their demands of better retirement pay. Because he felt responsibility for the incident, he retired from being an active sumo wrestler and left the sumo world. He was critical about tradition in the sumo world.

After his retirement, he entered Waseda University. After the graduation, he worked at the Hochi Shimbun as a sumo essayist. He died on May 13, 1941.

Top Division Record[edit]

Onishiki[4]
- Spring Summer
1915 East Maegashira #12
8–2–1
 
East Komusubi
9–1
 
1916 East Ōzeki
8–2
 
East Ōzeki
7–3
 
1917 West Ōzeki
10–0
 
West Yokozuna
9–1
 
1918 East Yokozuna
8–1–1
 
Sat out
1919 East Yokozuna
8–2
 
East Yokozuna
8–2
 
1920 East Yokozuna
8–1–
1d

 
West Yokozuna
9–1
 
1921 West Yokozuna
10–0
 
East Yokozuna
9–0–1draw
 
1922 Sat out West Yokozuna #1
8–1–1draw
 
1923 East Yokozuna
Retired
0–0
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Retired Lower Divisions

Key:  =Kinboshi(s);   d=Draw(s) (引分);   h=Hold(s) (預り)
Divisions: MakuuchiJūryōMakushitaSandanmeJonidanJonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks: YokozunaŌzekiSekiwakeKomusubiMaegashira

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 手数入り(横綱土俵入り)いつから始まったのですか? (in Japanese). Meiji Shrine. Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  2. ^ Journal of Combative Sport: Sumo by Tittle
  3. ^ Newton, Clyde (1994). Dynamic Sumo. Kodansha. p. 58. ISBN 4-7700-1802-9. 
  4. ^ "Onishiki Uichiro". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
Previous:
Nishinoumi Kajirō II
26th Yokozuna
1917 - 1923
Next:
Tochigiyama Moriya
Yokozuna is not a successive rank, and more than one wrestler can share the title