Ōshima District, Kagoshima

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The location of Oshima District in Kagoshima
Koniya in Setouchi, Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture

Ōshima (大島郡 Ōshima-gun?) is a district located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of the March 20, 2006 merger but with 2003 population statistics, the district has an estimated population of 78,882 and a density of 84.4 persons per km². The total area is 934.10 km².

Towns and villages[edit]

District Timeline (post-WWII)[edit]

  • February 28, 1946 - The district fell under United States Army control expect for the current village of Mishima areas.
  • July 1, 1946 - The town of Nase gained city status.
  • September 1, 1946 - The village of China gained town status.
  • February 4, 1952 - Japan regains the current village of Toshima areas.
  • February 10, 1952 - The village of Mishima broke off from the village of Toshima.
  • December 25, 1953 - The remaining parts of the district returns to Japan.
  • February 1, 1955 - The village of Sanho merged into the city of Naze.
  • September 1, 1956 - The town of Furujinya, and the villages of Sasanishi, Mihisa, and Seiho merged to form the town of Setouchi.
  • September 10, 1956 - The town of Kikai and the village of Soumachi merged to form the town of Kikai.
  • April 1, 1958 - The town of Kametsu and the village of Higashiamagi merged to form the town of Tokunoshima.
  • January 1, 1961
    • The village of Kasari gained town status.
    • The village of Amagi gained town status.
  • January 1, 1962 - The village of Isen gained town status.
  • January 1, 1963 - The village of Yoron gained town status.
  • April 1, 1973-The district transferred the villages of Mishima and Toshima to Kagoshima District.
  • February 10, 1975 - The village of Tatsugo gained town status.
  • March 20, 2006 - The village of Sumiyō and town of Kasari merged with the city of Naze to form the new city of Amami.


Kikai Airport is located in the district.

Amami Islands Homeland Restoration Movements[edit]

The "restoration of Ōshima District of Kagoshima Prefecture" was a slogan of the Amami Islands Homeland Restoration Movements during the United States occupation of the Amami Islands from 1945/6 to 1953. An overwhelming majority of people of Amami, including those in mainland Japan, urged the immediate return of the islands to Japan. The homeland restoration movements except those by leftist minorities tried to differentiate Amami from Okinawa because the U.S. seemingly intended permanent control of Okinawa. They opposed the name "Northern Ryukyu" occasionally labeled by the U.S. occupiers. Instead they used "Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture" as a symbol of national belongingness.[1]


  1. ^ Takahashi Takayo 高橋孝代, Esunishiti to aidentiti (エスニシティとアイデンティティ), Kyōkai no jinruigaku 境界性の人類学, pp. 165–248, 2006.

Coordinates: 27°48′36″N 128°56′24″E / 27.81000°N 128.94000°E / 27.81000; 128.94000