Ōtaki Domain

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Ōtaki Castle's tower

Ōtaki Domain (大多喜藩 Ōtaki-han?) was a Japanese domain of the Edo period, located in Kazusa Province (modern-day Chiba Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Ōtaki Castle in what is now the town of Ōtaki, Chiba.

In the han system, Ōtaki was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[1] In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area.[2] This was different than the feudalism of the West.

History[edit]

The original Ōtaki Castle was built by the Satomi clan, rulers of most of the Bōsō Peninsula during the Sengoku period. Following the Battle of Odawara in 1590, the Kantō region was assigned to Tokugawa Ieyasu by the warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who also restricted the Satomi to Awa Province for their lukewarm support of his campaigns against the Late Hōjō clan. Tokugawa Ieyasu appointed Honda Tadakatsu, one of his Four Generals, to be daimyō of the new 100,000 koku Ōtaki Domain.

Following the Battle of Sekigahara, Honda Tadakatsu was promoted to Kuwana Domain, and Ōtaki was assigned to Honda Tadatomo, from another branch of the Honda clan, with a reduction in revenues to 50,000 koku. Honda Tadatomo died at the Battle of Tennoji and his son, Honda Masatomo was reassigned to Tatsuno Domain in Harima Province.

The Honda were replaced by the Abe Masatsugu, a hero of the Siege of Osaka, but the domain’s size was further reduced to 30,000 koku. Abe Masatsugu was later transferred to Odawara Domain following the disgrace of the Ōkubo clan, and Ōtaki Domain was suppressed in 1619.

The domain was briefly revived from 1623-1625 for Aoyama Tadatoshi, the tutor of the 3rd Tokugawa Shogun, Iemitsu, with its size further reduced to 20,000 koku. After his death, Ōtaki Domain reverted to tenryō territory directly under the control of the Tokugawa shogunate until 1638.

The Abe clan regained control of Ōtaki Domain in April 1638, and ruled it to 1702, when they were replaced by Inagaki Shigetomi, who ruled for only 21 days before being reassigned to Karasuyama Domain in Shimotsuke Province. The domain then came under the control of the Ōkōchi branch of the Matsudaira clan, who continued to rule Ōtaki until the Meiji Restoration. The final daimyo of Ōtaki Domain, Ōkōchi Masatada, initially fought for the pro-Tokugawa forces at the Battle of Toba-Fushimi in the Boshin War, but later changed his allegiance to the new Meiji government. He was appointed domain governor under the new administration, until the abolition of the han system in July 1871 and subsequently became a viscount under the kazoku peerage. Ōtaki Domain became “Ōtaki Prefecture”, which merged with the short lived “Kisarazu Prefecture” in November 1871, which later became part of Chiba Prefecture.

List of daimyō[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Honda Tadakatsu ( 本多忠勝?) 1590–1601 Nakatsuka-daisuke Lower 5th (従五位下) 100,000 koku
2 Honda Tadatomo ( 本多忠朝?) 1601–1615 Izumo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 50,000 koku
3 Honda Masatomo ( 本多政朝?) 1615–1617 Kai-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 50,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Abe Masatsugu ( 阿部正次?) 1617–1623 Bitchu-no-kami Lower 4th (従四位下) 20,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Aoyama Tadatoshi ( 青山忠俊?) 1623–1625 Hoki-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Abe Masayoshi ( 阿部正能?) 1638–1652 Harima-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 10,000 koku
2 Abe Masaharu ( 阿部正春?) 1671–1702 Iyo-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 16,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Inagaki Shigetomi ( 稲垣重富?) 1702-1702 Izumi-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 15,000 koku
# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank revenues
1 Ōkōchi Masahisa ( 松平正久?) 1703–1720 Bizen-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
2 Ōkōchi Masasada ( 松平正貞?) 1720–1749 Bitchu-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
3 Ōkōchi Masaharu ( 松平正温?) 1749–1767 Bizen-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
4 Ōkōchi Masanori ( 松平正升?) 1767–1803 Bizen-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
5 Ōkōchi Masamichi ( 松平 正路?) 1803–1808 Danjoshin Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
6 Ōkōchi Masakata ( 松平正敬?) 1808–1826 Oribesho Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
7 Ōkōchi Masayoshi ( 松平正義(?) 1826–1837 Bitchu-no-kami Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
8 Ōkōchi Masatomo ( 松平正和?) 1837–1862 Orebesho Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku
9 Ōkōchi Masatada ( 松平正質(?) 1862–1871 Danjoshin Lower 5th (従五位下) 20,000 koku

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  2. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.

Further reading[edit]

  • Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972. 

Bolitho, Harold. (1974). Treasures Among Men: The Fudai Daimyo in Tokugawa Japan. New Haven: Yale University Press. 10-ISBN 0-300-01655-7/13-ISBN 978-0-300-01655-0; OCLC 185685588

External links[edit]