Ōura Kanetake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ōura Kanetake
大浦兼武
Ōura Kanetake.jpg
Ōura in 1898
Born (1850-06-15)June 15, 1850
Kagoshima, Satsuma Domain, Japan
Died September 30, 1918(1918-09-30) (aged 68)
Nationality Japanese
Occupation politician, cabinet minister
Known for "Ōura scandal"
Ōura Kanetake in 1915
In this Japanese name, the family name is "Ōura".

Ōura Kanetake (大浦 兼武?, June 15, 1850 – September 30, 1918) was a politician and bureaucrat in late Meiji and early Taishō period Empire of Japan. In 1907, he was raised to the rank and title of danshaku (baron) under the kazoku peerage system.[1]

Early life[edit]

The Ōura family was hereditary retainers to a branch of the Shimazu clan of Satsuma Domain. As a Satsuma samurai, Ōura Kanetaka participated in the Boshin War and the suppression of the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei during the Meiji Restoration. Under the new Meiji government, he joined the fledgling Japanese police force, working his way up through the ranks until he became Assistant Police Inspector of the Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department. In this capacity, he was field commander of the police forces sent to assist the fledgling Imperial Japanese Army in suppressing his fellow Satsuma countrymen in the Satsuma Rebellion.

Political career[edit]

After serving as appointed governor of Shimane Prefecture (1893–1895), Yamaguchi Prefecture (1895–1896), Kumamoto Prefecture (1896–1898) and Miyazaki Prefecture (1898), Ōura was appointed Superintendent General of the Police, and was given a seat in the House of Peers of the Diet of Japan. In 1903, under the 1st Katsura administration, he became Minister of Communications. He then served as Minister of Agriculture and Commerce under the 2nd Katsura cabinet and was also chairman of the Japanese committee organizing the Japan–British Exhibition.[2] He subsequently served as Home Minister under the 3rd Katsura cabinet and as both Minister of Agriculture and Trade and Home Minister under the 2nd Ōkuma administration.

Ōura scandal[edit]

While in the Ōkuma administration, he was accused of perpetrating voting fraud in the Diet by bribing minor political party and undecided members to influence passage of a military spending bill introduced by Ōkuma. This incident came to be known as the Ōura scandal; he was forced to retire, and eventually the Ōkuma administration itself was brought down.

The word "peace" and the signature of the calligrapher, Ōura Kanetake, 1910

Later life[edit]

In his final years, Ōura served as chairman of the Dai Nippon Butoku Kai.

Ōura died in 1918 at the age of 68.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Idditti, Smimasa. Life of Marquis Shigenobu Okuma: A Maker of New Japan. Kegan Paul International Ltd. (2006). ISBN 0-7103-1186-9
  • Idditti, Junesay. Marquis Shigenobu Okuma - A Biographical Study in the Rise of Democratic Japan. Hokuseido Press (1956). ASIN: B000IPQ4VQ
  • Lebra-Chapman, Joyce. Okuma Shigenobu: statesman of Meiji Japan. Australian National University Press (1973). ISBN 0-7081-0400-2
  • Mochizuki, Kotarō. (1910) Japan To-day. A Souvenir of the Anglo-Japanese Exhibition held in London, 1910. Tokyo: Liberal News Agency. OCLC 5327867
  • Oka Yoshitake, et al. Five Political Leaders of Modern Japan: Ito Hirobumi, Okuma Shigenobu, Hara Takashi, Inukai Tsuyoshi, and Saionji Kimmochi. University of Tokyo Press (1984). ISBN 0-86008-379-9
  • Sims, Richard (2001). Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Renovation 1868-2000. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-23915-7. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Sone Arasuke
Minister of Communications
Sept 1903-Jan 1906
Succeeded by
Yamagata Isaburo
Preceded by
Matsuoka Yasukowa
Minister of Agriculture & Commerce
Jul 1908-Aug 1911
Succeeded by
Makino Nobuaki
Preceded by
Hara Takashi
Home Minister
Dec 1912 - Feb 1913
Succeeded by
Hara Takashi
Preceded by
Yamamoto Tatsuo
Minister of Agriculture & Commerce
Apr 1914 - Jan 1915
Succeeded by
Kōno Hironaka
Preceded by
Ōkuma Shigenobu
Home Minister
Jan 1915 - Jul 1915
Succeeded by
Ōkuma Shigenobu