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Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for all four of its postalveolar consonants, as do most Latin-based Slavic alphabets (Polish is the most notable exception). Letters and digraphs that are similar to ŝ and represent the same sound include Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbian Latin, and Croatian š, Russian ш and English sh.
Ŝ is the twenty-third letter of the Esperanto alphabet. Although it is written as sx in the x-system and sh in the h-system, it is S with a circumflex (ŝ) when written accented. L. L. Zamenhof, the creator of Esperanto, recommended using sh when ŝ is not available.
Letter S with diacritics
Letters using circumflex accent ( ◌̂ )
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