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Şchei (Bulgarian: шкеи, shkei) was an old Romanian exonym referring to the Bulgarians, especially in Transylvania and northern Wallachia. As a name, it has been preserved in the names of towns once colonized by Bulgarians, in toponyms (Dealu Schiaului near Rășinari), hydronyms (Schiau River, tributary to the Argeş River), surnames (Schiau, Şchiau).[1] The word is thought to derive from Latin sclavis, a popular designation for the South Slavs (Bulgarians and Serbs in particular) that was also used in Albanian (in the form shqa and various dialectal variants[2]) until the 20th century.[3]

Şchei villages in Transylvania[edit]

Among the towns or neighbourhoods bearing that trace of Bulgarian settlement are:[1]

Other villages in Transylvania that used to be inhabited by various waves of Bulgarians were Cergău Mare, Bungard, Sibiu, Vințu de Jos, Deva, Rusciori, Sibiu, Râşnov.[4]

Şchei villages in Wallachia[edit]


  1. ^ a b Muşlea, Şcheii de la Cergău…
  2. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (12 January 2009). "Sclavus "Slawe" im Albanischen: Sprach- und Kulturkontakt im Spiegel der Geschichte eines Ethnikons". VideoOnline (in German). Munich: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Гюзелев, Боян (2004). Албанци в Източните Балкани (in Bulgarian). София: Международен център за изследване на малцинствата и културните взаимодействия. pp. p. 13. ISBN 954-8872-45-5. 
  4. ^ Балкански, Трансилванските (седмиградските) българи…