Ștefan Andrei

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Ștefan Andrei
Andrei, Ceauşescu, Brezhnev and Gromyko.jpg
Andrei (left) sitting next to Nicolae Ceaușescu, Leonid Brezhnev and Andrei Gromyko
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania
In office
March 8, 1978 – November 11, 1985
President Nicolae Ceaușescu
Preceded by George Macovescu
Succeeded by Ilie Văduva
Personal details
Born (1931-03-29) March 29, 1931 (age 83)
Podari, Oltenia, Romania

Ștefan Andrei (Romanian pronunciation: [ʃteˈfan anˈdrej]; born March 29, 1931) is a former Romanian communist politician who, among others, served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania (1978-1985). He was arrested after the 1989 overthrow of the Nicolae Ceaușescu regime.

Early life[edit]

Andrei was born to a very poor family in Oltenia, where the Romanian communist leader Nicolae Ceaușescu was also from. While a child he was a shepherd but willing to continue his education, he eventually made his way to leadership of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party. His doctoral thesis at the university covered the subject of international communist movements and was later used as reference in the central committee.[1] In one of his articles on socialism he had published a few days before official visit of General Secretary of the CP of China, Hu Yaobang, he said:

"The socialist character of one country or another cannot be denied; the socialism built in one country cannot be opposed to the socialism of other countries or to the socialism to be constructed in the future."[2]

Andrei was often considered a very literate and benevolent man, a famous book collector enriching his collection from his trips abroad. He was also seen as a good husband and family man.[3] He is married to Romanian movie actress Violeta Andrei.[4]

Political career[edit]

Andrei was first appointed Deputy Chief of International Section of the Central Committee encouraged to develop ties with foreign communist governments and movements around the world and in April 1972, he became the Secretary for Foreign Relations of the Central Committee and in November 1974, he rose to membership of Permanent Bureau of the Political Executive Committee of Romania. On March 8, 1978 he was eventually appointed the Minister of Foreign Affairs.[1] As a Minister, Andrei has tried to decrease dependence of Romania on Soviet Union by directing its foreign policy towards developing ASEAN countries of Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand while also enhancing trade, economic and educational exchange with African countries of Guinea, Gabon, Angola, Zambia, Mozambique, Burundi, Sudan and Zaire which also diversified Romania's energy imports.[5] During his years in service to Ceaușescu regime, he was also a personal advisor to younger son of Nicolae Ceaușescu, Nicu Ceaușescu.[6] His term as the Minister of Foreign Affairs ended on November 11, 1985[7] when he was reportedly sacked by the First Lady Elena Ceaușescu who then appointed her protégé, Ilie Văduva to take over.[8][9] Stefan Andrei was subsequently appointed the Secretary of the Central Committee in charge of economic matters.[10]

After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, he was arrested and sentenced by a Romanian Military Court to two years and ten months in prison for supporting the bloody crackdown in 1989.[11] He served at least part of his sentence at the Jilava prison hospital.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pacepa, Ion Mihai (1987). Red Horizons: The True Story of Nicolae and Elena Ceausescus' Crimes, Lifestyle and Corruption. United States: Regnery Gateway. p. 213. ISBN 0-89526-570-2. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  2. ^ George Cioranescu (1983-06-23). "Open Society Archives. RADIO FREE EUROPE Research. HU VISITS CEAUSESCU". Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  3. ^ Manea, Norman; Jianu, Angela (2003). The Hooligan's Return: A Memoir. United States: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, LLC. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-374-52946-8. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  4. ^ "Виолета Андрей" [Violeta Andrei]. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  5. ^ Staar, Richard Felix (2003). Communist regimes in Eastern Europe. Standford, California: Hoover University Press. p. 220. ISBN 0-8179-7692-2. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  6. ^ Tismăneanu, Vladimir (2003). Stalinism for all seasons: a political history of Romanian communism. United States: The Regents of the University of California. p. 259. ISBN 0-520-23747-1. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  7. ^ Quinlan, Paul D. (1988). The United States and Romania: American-Romanian relations in the twentieth century. United States: American-Romanian Academy of Arts and Sciences. ISBN 0-912131-07-1. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  8. ^ Mastny, Vojtech; Byrne, Malcolm (2005). A cardboard castle?: an inside history of the Warsaw Pact, 1955-1991. Budapest: Central European University Press. p. 692. ISBN 963-7326-08-1. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  9. ^ "Open Society Archives. RAD/Maier. EAST ENHANCED PERSONALITY CULT FOR ELENA CEAUSESCU". 1986-01-08. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  10. ^ Gilberg, Trond (1990). Nationalism and communism in Romania: the rise and fall of Ceausescu's personal dictatorship. United States: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-7497-9. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  11. ^ "16 Ex-Ceausescu Aides Jailed for Resisting Revolt". Los Angeles Times. 1991-03-26. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  12. ^ http://www.jurnalul.ro/opinii/editorial/stefan-andrei-la-79-de-ani-print-539250.html