Ștefan Vodă District
|Country||Republic of Moldova|
|• Raion President||Vasile Buzu (PDM), since 2011|
|• Total||998 km2 (385 sq mi)|
|• Density||71.6/km2 (185/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+373 42|
Ștefan Vodă is a district (Moldovan: raion) in the south-east of Moldova, with the administrative center at Ștefan Vodă. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 71,900. The city situated 100 km from Chișinău and 100 km from Odessa, Ukraine.
Localities with the earliest documentary attestation are: Cioburciu, Olanesti, Carahasani, hardcore first certified locations in 1405-1456. In the 16th-18th centuries, develop intense agriculture, an important wine-making industries and population growth attests. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812–1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918–1940, 1941–1944), the district is part of the Cetatea-Albă County. In 1940, after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Tighina County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.
Stefan Vodă district is located in south-eastern part of the Republic of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following districts: Causeni District in the northwest, Slobozia District in the northeast, and the state border with Ukraine in the south and east. The landscape is predominantly plain, slightly fractured, the highest altitude around 210–230 m in the western part of district. Minimum altitude 2–5 m in the Lower Nistru Plain. Erosion processes with a low intensity.
Temperate continental climate with an annual average district temperature +10.5+11 c. July average temperature +22+23 C, of January -4 C. Annual precipitation 450–550 mm. Average wind speed 3–5 m \ s.
Typical European fauna, with the presence of such mammals such as foxes, hedgehogs, deer, wild boar, polecat, wild cat, ermine and others. Of birds: partridges, crows, eagles, starling, swallow and more.
Stefan Vodă district is located in the basin of the Nistru river, which crosses the district in the north-eastern part of district. Tributaries of the Nistru here are usually short. The area has numerous artificial lakes.
- Births (2010): 832 (11.5 per 1000)
- Deaths (2010): 950 (13.2 per 1000)
- Growth Rate (2010): -118 (-1.6 per 1000)
|Ethnic group||Population||% of total*|
- Christians - 97.8%
- Other 1.2%
- No Religion 1.0%
In the district of Stefan Voda district are total 14,469 registered businesses. The share of agricultural land is 65,199 ha (65.3%) of total land area. The arable land occupies 55 542 ha (55.6%) of the total agricultural land, including 4977 ha (5.0%) vines, 3237 ha (3.2%) orchards, pastures 1398 ha (1.4%). Main crops: cereals (wheat, oats), sunflower, canola, soybeans, vegetables.
Stefan Voda district are 63 educational institutions, including 31 kindergartens, 30 primary and secondary education, a vocational school. In schools with training and education are included in total 13,673 students, including 2,839 children in kindergartens in schools, 10,284 university students, 354 students in vocational schools, 196 vocational school students. Nowadays in education, the 1264 district teachers operate.
During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 107.6%
|2010||60.36% 18,311||32.96% 9,998|
|July 2009||52.73% 15,925||36.52% 11,029|
|April 2009||29.46% 8,820||46.92% 14,050|
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||+/−|
|Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||11,759||38.76||+17.07|
|Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova||9,998||32.96||−3.56|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||3,497||11,53||+2.84|
|Party Alliance Our Moldova||792||2.61||−5.43|
|Humanist Party of Moldova||324||1.07||+1.07|
|Total (turnout 56.29%)||30,628||100.00||
In Stefan Voda district works: a hospital with 220 beds general fund, a center of family doctor's in the composition of which included: 13 health center's, nine family doctors office. The population of the district health care operates 110 medical personnel 354 average, 260 nurses and auxiliary health personnel.
- Descrierea generală a raionului Ştefan Vodă
- Discuție:Raionul Ștefan Vodă
- District population per year
- Rezultatele alegerilor din 28 noiembrie 2010 în raionul Ştefan Vodă