Štěpán Trochta

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Styles of
Stepán Trochta
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Litomerice
Arms of Cardinal Trochta

Štěpán Trochta (Czech pronunciation: [ˈʃcɛpaːn ˈtrɔxta]) (Francova Lhota, Vsetín, March 26, 1905 - Litoměřice, April 6 1974) was a Czech Bishop then in his final years cardinal in pectore of the Roman Catholic Church in the former Czechoslovakia.

He was a Junák Boy Scout then a Salesian monk.[1] Pope Pius XII appointed him Bishop of Litoměřice in 1947. During the war Bishop Trochta was a leader of resistance against the Nazis and a known friend to Christians, Jews and Communists during years as a prisoner in Mauthausen and Dachau concentration camps.

After the war Trochta was spokesman of the Czechoslovakian Episcopal Conference in negotiations with the communist government from 1948 to 1949. In 1954, after a two-day trial, the supreme court sentenced him to 25 years in prison for spying for the Vatican.[2] He was named cardinal in pectore in 1969 by Pope Paul VI, and that appointment was published in 1973. He died on April 6, 1974 in Litoměřice.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/btrochta.html
  2. ^ Czechoslovakia: crossroads and crises, 1918-88 Norman Stone, Eduard Strouhal 1989 "Bishop Trochta was tried on 22-23 June 1954. Recalling his various period of imprisonment long afterwards among friends, he said: 'Not even in Mauthausen were things so bad. The German concentration camps were not to be compared with ..."