Servant of God
|Bishop of Litoměřice|
|In office||27 September 1947 - 6 April 1974|
|Successor||Antonín Alois Weber|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of San Giovanni Bosco in Via Tuscolana (1973-1974)|
|Ordination||29 June 1932|
|Consecration||16 November 1947
by Saverio Ritter
by Pope Paul VI
|Birth name||Štěpán Trochta|
26 March 1905|
Francova Lhota, Litoměřice, Austria-Hungary
|Died||April 6, 1974
Litoměřice, Czech Republic
|Motto||Actio sacrificum caritas ("Actions offer charity")|
|Coat of arms|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Title as Saint||Servant of God|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Štěpán Trochta (Czech pronunciation: [ˈʃcɛpaːn ˈtrɔxta]) (Francova Lhota, Vsetín, March 26, 1905 - Litoměřice, April 6 1974) was a Czech bishop and then in his final years served as a cardinal in pectore of the Roman Catholic Church in the former Czechoslovakia.
Priesthood and episcopate
Born in 1905, he grew up in times of hardship in his family, especially with the death of his father. He was a Junák Boy Scout and was later a Salesian monk. Pope Pius XII appointed him as Bishop of Litoměřice in 1947. During the war Bishop Trochta was a leader of resistance against the Nazis and a known friend to Christians, Jews and Communists during years as a prisoner in Mauthausen and Dachau concentration camps.
After the war Trochta was spokesman of the Czechoslovakian Episcopal Conference in negotiations with the communist government from 1948 to 1949. In 1954, after a two-day trial, the supreme court sentenced him to 25 years in prison for spying for the Vatican.
Cardinalate and death
Cause of beatification
Currently, his cause of beatification is being prepared.
- Czechoslovakia: crossroads and crises, 1918-88 Norman Stone, Eduard Strouhal 1989 "Bishop Trochta was tried on 22-23 June 1954. Recalling his various period of imprisonment long afterwards among friends, he said: 'Not even in Mauthausen were things so bad. The German concentration camps were not to be compared with ..."
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