Štěpán Trochta

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His Eminence
Štěpán Trochta
Servant of God
Bishop of Litoměřice
Diocese Litoměřice
See Litoměřice
In office 27 September 1947 - 6 April 1974
Predecessor Josef Koukl
Successor Antonín Alois Weber
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of San Giovanni Bosco in Via Tuscolana (1973-1974)
Orders
Ordination 29 June 1932
Consecration 16 November 1947
by Saverio Ritter
Created Cardinal
  • 28 April 1969 (in pectore)
  • 5 March 1973 (published)

by Pope Paul VI
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Birth name Štěpán Trochta
Born (1905-03-26)26 March 1905
Francova Lhota, Litoměřice, Austria-Hungary
Died April 6, 1974(1974-04-06) (aged 69)
Litoměřice, Czech Republic
Motto Actio sacrificum caritas ("Actions offer charity")
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}
Sainthood
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Title as Saint Servant of God
Styles of
Štěpán Trochta
Card Stepan Trochta.jpg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Litomerice

Štěpán Trochta (Czech pronunciation: [ˈʃcɛpaːn ˈtrɔxta]) (Francova Lhota, Vsetín, March 26, 1905 - Litoměřice, April 6 1974) was a Czech bishop and then in his final years served as a cardinal in pectore of the Roman Catholic Church in the former Czechoslovakia.

Biography[edit]

Priesthood and episcopate[edit]

Born in 1905, he grew up in times of hardship in his family, especially with the death of his father. He was a Junák Boy Scout and was later a Salesian monk.[1] Pope Pius XII appointed him as Bishop of Litoměřice in 1947. During the war Bishop Trochta was a leader of resistance against the Nazis and a known friend to Christians, Jews and Communists during years as a prisoner in Mauthausen and Dachau concentration camps.

After the war Trochta was spokesman of the Czechoslovakian Episcopal Conference in negotiations with the communist government from 1948 to 1949. In 1954, after a two-day trial, the supreme court sentenced him to 25 years in prison for spying for the Vatican.[2]

Cardinalate and death[edit]

He was named a cardinal in pectore in the consistory of 28 April 1969 by Pope Paul VI, and that appointment was published in the consistory of 5 March 1973. He died on 6 April 1974 in Litoměřice.

Cause of beatification[edit]

Currently, his cause of beatification is being prepared.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/btrochta.html
  2. ^ Czechoslovakia: crossroads and crises, 1918-88 Norman Stone, Eduard Strouhal 1989 "Bishop Trochta was tried on 22-23 June 1954. Recalling his various period of imprisonment long afterwards among friends, he said: 'Not even in Mauthausen were things so bad. The German concentration camps were not to be compared with ..."