Šventoji, Lithuania

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Šventoji
A restaurant in Šventoji
A restaurant in Šventoji
Coat of arms of Šventoji
Coat of arms
Šventoji is located in Lithuania
Šventoji
Šventoji
Location of Šventoji
Coordinates: 56°1′31″N 21°4′54″E / 56.02528°N 21.08167°E / 56.02528; 21.08167Coordinates: 56°1′31″N 21°4′54″E / 56.02528°N 21.08167°E / 56.02528; 21.08167
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Samogitia
County Klaipėda County
Municipality Palanga city municipality
Eldership Šventoji eldership
Capital of Šventoji eldership
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.sventoji.lt

Šventoji (Latvian: Sventāja; German: Heiligenau) is a small resort town on the coast of the Baltic Sea in Lithuania. Administratively it is part of Palanga city. The town is located about 10 km north of Palanga and close to the border with Latvia. Further north of the town is Būtingė and its oil terminal. Šventoji River flows into the sea at the town.

Šventoji is an important archaeological site as the first artifacts are dated about 3000 BC. A famous cane shaped as moose head was also found in the town. It is a former fishermen village now turned into a tourist town. The town always struggled to develop a port, which had to compete with nearby Klaipėda and Liepāja. Larger port was constructed in the second half of the 17th century, especially when in 1679 it was leased to English merchants. It was destroyed in 1701 during the Great Northern War. During the times of the Russian Empire (1795–1915) the port was moribund and began developing again only when it became part of Lithuania in 1921. Two piers were constructed, but they were frequently covered in sand. Thus it never grew into a bigger port, although it briefly became vital to Lithuania in the brief period between when it lost control of Klaipėda, and when it was incorporated into the Soviet Union.

References[edit]

  • (Lithuanian) Semaška, Algimantas (2006). Kelionių vadovas po Lietuvą: 1000 lankytinų vietovių norintiems geriau pažinti gimtąjį kraštą (4th ed. ed.). Vilnius: Algimantas. pp. 497–498. ISBN 9986-509-90-4.