Ținutul Crișuri

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Ținutul Crișuri
Ținutul Someș
Land (Ținut)
Coat of arms of Ținutul Crișuri
Coat of arms
Romania 1938 - Crisuri.svg
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Former counties included Bihor County, Cluj County, Maramureș County, Sălaj County, Satu Mare County, Someș County, Năsăud County
Historic region Transylvania (Maramureș, Crișana)
Capital city (Reședință de ținut) Cluj
Established The administrative reform of 1938
Cesed to exist Territorial loss and new administrative law (30 August 1940)
Government
 • Type Rezident Regal
Area
 • Total 33,385 km2 (12,890 sq mi)
Population (1938 (?))
 • Total 2.143.453
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Ținutul Crișuri (or Ținutul Someș) was one of the ten ținuturi ("lands") of Romania, founded in 1938 after King Carol II initiated an institutional reform by modifying the 1923 Constitution and the law of territorial administration. It comprised part of Transylvania, and included the entire regions of Crișana and Maramureș. It was named after the rivers Crișul Alb, Crișul Negru, and Crișul Repede; its capital was the city of Cluj. Ținutul Crișuri ceased to exist following the territorial losses of Romania to the Axis powers in 1940.

Coat of arms[edit]

The Coat of Arms is composed of 7 sinister bends, 4 of gules and 3 of azure, representing the former seven counties (județe) of the Greater Romania (71 in total in 1938) it included. Over the mirror bends there is a sable aurochs head (in reference to Voivode Dragoș of Maramureș, and to the symbol of Moldavia - see Flag and coat of arms of Moldavia).

Former counties incorporated[edit]

After the 1938 Administrative and Constitutional Reform, the older 71 counties lost their authority.

In 1939 Turda County was ceded to Ținutul Mureș in exchange for Năsăud County.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]