Ż

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Ż, ż is a letter in the Polish, Kashubian and Maltese alphabets.

Polish[edit]

Signage on Polish municipal police (Straż Miejska) cars uses both the standard letter variant (Ż) and the variant with horizontal stroke (Ƶ)

Ż represents the voiced retroflex fricative [ʐ], similar to the pronunciation of g in "mirage". It usually corresponds to Ж or Ž in most other Slavic languages.

Its pronunciation is the same as the rz (digraph), the only difference being that rz evolved from a palatalized r.

Ż occasionally devoices to the voiceless retroflex fricative [ʂ], particularly in final position.

Ż should not be confused with Ź (or z followed by i), termed "soft zh", the voiced alveolopalatal fricative ([ʑ]).

Examples of Ż[edit]

About this sound żółty  (yellow)
About this sound żona  (wife)

Compare ź:
About this sound źle  (wrongly, badly)
About this sound źrebię  (foal)

Occasionally, capital Ƶ (Z with horizontal stroke) is used instead of capital Ż for aesthetic purposes, especially in all-caps text and handwriting. It is common to see capital Ƶ with dot above, used to easily distinguish it from capital Z or Ź (Z with acute accent).

Kashubian[edit]

Kashubian ż is a voiced fricative like in Polish, but it is postalveolar ([ʒ]) rather than retroflex.

Maltese[edit]

In Maltese ż is pronounced like "z" in English "maze".

Computing codes[edit]

character Ż ż
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER
Z WITH DOT ABOVE
LATIN SMALL LETTER
Z WITH DOT ABOVE
character encoding decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 379 017B 380 017C
UTF-8 197 187 C5 BB 197 188 C5 BC
Numeric character reference Ż Ż ż ż
CP 852 189 BD 190 BE
CP 775 163 A3 164 A4
Mazovia 161 A1 167 A7
Windows-1250, ISO-8859-2 175 AF 191 BF
Windows-1257, ISO-8859-13 221 DD 253 FD
Mac Central European 251 FB 253 FD

See also[edit]