Železná Ruda

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Coordinates: 49°8′28″N 13°13′48″E / 49.14111°N 13.23000°E / 49.14111; 13.23000
Železná Ruda
Town
Železná Ruda - Kaplička sv. Anny.jpg
St. Anna Chapel
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Plzeň
District Klatovy
Little District Klatovy
Parts
Center Klostermannovo náměstí
 - elevation 820 m (2,690 ft)
 - coordinates 49°8′28″N 13°13′48″E / 49.14111°N 13.23000°E / 49.14111; 13.23000
Area 79.79 km2 (30.81 sq mi)
Population 2,118 (2005-01-01)
Density 27 / km2 (70 / sq mi)
Mayor Michal Šnebergr
Postal code 340 04
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Železná Ruda
Website: www.sumava.net/muruda

Železná Ruda (literally "iron ore", Czech pronunciation: [ˈʒɛlɛznaː ˈruda], German: Markt Eisenstein) is a town in the Pilsen Region of the Czech Republic. It is located in the Šumava Mountains, close to the border with Bavaria and the German town Bayerisch Eisenstein. It is one of the important sports and tourism centres of the Šumava Mountains. The German name of the town comes from The Middle Ages, when it was a market town.

Places of interest[edit]

Natural[edit]

The town is surrounded by forests and green mountains. There are many popular tourist sites, such as the lakes Černé jezero and Čertovo jezero and Špičák peak (1,202 m).

Historical[edit]

Historical sites include the Church of Panna Maria Pomocná z Hvězdy (with an Eastern-style cupola), the Chapel of St. Barbora (saint of mineworkers) and the Way of the Cross. The local museum and information centre are located in a house, which was the home to a well-known family of glassmakers in the past. There is an exhibition of traditional glass, documents and photographs concerning history available all year round.

Geography and Climate[edit]

Železná Ruda, lying in a wild mountain terrain between 710 metres and 1214 metres (2330 and 3983 feet) is surrounded with thick coniferous woods. Its climate is cool and wet humid continental hemiboreal (Dfb) with moderately cold, long winters and cool summers. Average July temperature is 15.1 °C (59.2 °F) and average January temperature is −4.2 °C (24.4 °F). All year average is 5.7 °C (42.3 °F) and there falls some 967 mm of precipitations.

Climate data for Markt Eisenstein - Železná Ruda
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
0.1
(32.2)
5.2
(41.4)
10.3
(50.5)
15.3
(59.5)
18.6
(65.5)
20.3
(68.5)
19.7
(67.5)
16.3
(61.3)
10.7
(51.3)
4.0
(39.2)
0.2
(32.4)
10.0
(50)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.9
(33.6)
5.3
(41.5)
10.0
(50)
13.4
(56.1)
15.1
(59.2)
14.6
(58.3)
11.3
(52.3)
6.4
(43.5)
1.2
(34.2)
−2.4
(27.7)
5.7
(42.3)
Average low °C (°F) −7.2
(19)
−6.9
(19.6)
−3.4
(25.9)
0.3
(32.5)
4.7
(40.5)
8.2
(46.8)
9.9
(49.8)
9.5
(49.1)
6.4
(43.5)
2.2
(36)
−1.6
(29.1)
−4.9
(23.2)
1.4
(34.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 85
(3.35)
60
(2.36)
70
(2.76)
59
(2.32)
86
(3.39)
96
(3.78)
111
(4.37)
101
(3.98)
80
(3.15)
64
(2.52)
64
(2.52)
91
(3.58)
967
(38.07)
Source: Climate-Data.ORG

Technical[edit]

The longest train tunnel (1,747 m) in the Czech Republic goes under Špičák peak.

Economy[edit]

The local economy is very dependent on tourism because Železná Ruda is one of the most popular skiing centres of Šumava,[citation needed] as well as a starting point for many hiking trips on both sides of the border. The town has also gained a reputation as a hotspot for prostitution since the Velvet Revolution.[1][2][3]

Transportation[edit]

The town is located on a train line leading from Plzeň and Klatovy to the border station at Bayerisch Eisenstein, named Železná Ruda-Alžbětín in Czech. This station building is divided by the national border between the Czech Republic and Germany.

Reconstructed main train station – Železná Ruda město

References[edit]