Železný Brod

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 50°38′30″N 15°15′24″E / 50.64167°N 15.25667°E / 50.64167; 15.25667
Tanvald
Town
Flag
Coat of arms
Name origin: iron ford
Country Czech Republic
Region Liberec
District Jablonec nad Nisou
Commune Železný Brod
River Jizera
Elevation 305 m (1,001 ft)
Coordinates 50°38′30″N 15°15′24″E / 50.64167°N 15.25667°E / 50.64167; 15.25667
Area 22.51 km2 (8.69 sq mi)
Population 6,492 (2006-12-31)
Density 288 / km2 (746 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1346
Mayor Václav Horáček
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 468 22 - 468 34
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Železný Brod
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.zelbrod.cz

Železný Brod (Czech pronunciation: [ˈʒɛlɛzniː ˈbrot]; German: Eisenbrod) is a town in Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. Located in Jablonec nad Nisou District on the Jizera River, the town is on a railway line connecting Pardubice and Liberec.

History[edit]

Železný Brod is an old glass-producing town founded in the eleventh century. It was originally known as Brod ("ford") or Brodek ("little ford"). Železný ("iron") was added to its name in the fourteenth century, alluding to the town's steelworks. In 1501 the town received its coat of arms, which honored King Vladislav II of Bohemia. In 1880 the town had 2,698 inhabitants and was the seat of the district court. Its cotton spinning mill used 50,000 spindles.

Železný Brod has many jewellers, as well as producers of blow-moulded glass, thermometers, and small glass commodities.

Demographics[edit]

Year 1970 1980 1991 2001 2003
Inhabitants 5,663 7,099 6,826 6,544 6,442

Culture[edit]

Town Hall

Town Hall of Železný Brod was built in 1890 from the primary wooden hall. Town Theatre (located in the first floor) and the Town Gallery of Vlastimil Rada (located on the ground floor) both reside within the town hall building. There is also the town’s coat-of-arms being displayed on the ground floor. The year of 1501, which is depicted in the coat-of-arms, represents the year of law restoration in the town that was carried out by the Czech king of Vladislav II.

Běliště

Jirchářská street 57, Železný Brod, phone : 483 391 149

Ethnographic exposition of The Town Museum in the one-storey, partly timbered house (former tannery and dye-house from 1807). Describes and portrays of the Železný Brod history, its architecture, archaeological discoveries, photocopy of records, half-precious stones from Kozákov, iron, slate, limestone, fossils and residue of sea, sculpture of sandstone, artwork by artist Mr. Scheybal, old classes and school's aids, gingerbread products and old baker's bread, flax processing tools, weaving room, textiles, printer's forms, some old clothing, wooden Bethlehems, old ski and sleds, models of citizen’s houses.

Open time: May - September: Tuesday - Sunday 8.30 am - 12 noon, 1 pm - 4 pm

October - April: Saturday and Sunday 8.30 am - 12 noon, 1 pm - 4 pm.

Town museum

the square of May 3 rd, Železný Brod, phone : 483 389 081, 483 389 770

On the square of May 3 in the former citizens timber house from the year 1792 (from the 1936 is part of the savings bank building) is the new exposition of the Železný Brod glass-making (glass-making room from the last century, personages of the local secondary glass school, businessmen and exporters of the 20th and 40th years of the 20th century, unique glass Bethlehem).

Open time: 8.30 am – 12.00 noon and 1 pm – 4 pm from May to September daily except Monday, from October to April only at the weekends.

Trávníky

Reservation of monuments “Trávníky“ is situated behind the brooks Žernovník five minutes` walk from this place.

Along Železná street direction KORTAN firm. Standing in front of this building narrow path up on the right side could be seen. Climbing up this way passing empire house “Grosovsko” (NO 262), picturesque timbered houses in Zahradnická, Hluboká and Fr. Balatky lanes. Going down to Lesser Square (there is St. James Church with wooden belfry here). Remarkable house called “Jechovsko” and empire one called “Knopovsko” (NO 45) are worth seeing as well.

External links[edit]