Žiga Hirschler

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Žiga Hirschler
Žiga Hirschler.jpg
Born March 21, 1894
Velika Trnovitica, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, (now Croatia)
Died September, 1941 (aged 47)[1]
Jasenovac concentration camp
Cause of death
Murdered in Holocaust
Nationality Croat
Occupation Composer, music critic

Žiga Hirschler (March 21, 1894, Velika Trnovitica near Bjelovar - 1941 Jasenovac concentration camp) was a Croatian Jewish composer, music critic and publicist who was killed during the Holocaust.[2][3]

Life[edit]

Hirschler was born in Zagreb, to a Croatian Jewish family.[4][5][6][7][8] He completed musical studies in 1917 at the Agram conservatory of the Croatian Music Institute in Zagreb.

Hirschler composed orchestral, piano, vocal and dramatic works, and showed a tendency towards popular music. He was one of the most famous music critics in Zagreb between the two world wars. Hirschler was editor of Musician magazine. With his writing in the Večernji vjesnik and Jutarnji list he closely followed Croatian composers.

As a Jew Hirschler faced persecution by Ustaše and Nazis. During the last days of his life, Hirschler didn't leave his apartment. He just had an intense correspondence with Paula Rendi, waiting for her to give him a pass so that he could cross over to a "free zone". That unfortunately never happened. Hirschler wrote his last letters on September 12, 1941. In one such letter, he dedicated a song to Rendi for her birthday. In late 1941 Hirschler was killed at the Jasenovac concentration camp.[7][9][10]

Works[edit]

Operas[edit]

  • Dvije renesansne noći
    • Fiorentinska noć, 1926
    • Svadbena noć, 1931
  • Mara

Operettas[edit]

  • Pobjednica oceana, 1928
  • Kaj nam pak moreju, 1935
  • Napred naš, 1936
  • Iz Zagreba u Zagreb, 1937

His Burlesk has been played on radio by Dan Franklin Smith but not recorded.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Festival hrvatske glazbe u Berlinu 24. rujan – 05. listopad 2008.". www.mic.hr (in Croatian) (Muzički Informativni Centar). 
  2. ^ Ognjen Kraus (1998, p. 256)
  3. ^ The Macmillan Encyclopedia of Music and Musicians. Albert Ernest Wier - 1938 "Hirschler, Sigismund, Croatian composer, teacher and music critic, born Trnovica. near Bjelovar, Mar. 21, 1894; studied at the Agram Conservatory."
  4. ^ Snješka Knežević (2011, p. 103)
  5. ^ Ivo Goldstein (2005, p. 288)
  6. ^ "Židovska zajednica u Hrvatskoj". www. croatian-jewish-network.com (in Croatian) (Croatian Jewish network). 
  7. ^ a b "Međunarodni dan sjećanja na Holokaust". www.zoz.hr (in Croatian) (Židovska općina Zagreb). 
  8. ^ (Croatian) Ha-Kol (Glasilo Židovske zajednice u Hrvatskoj); Djela hrvatskih skladatelja Židovskog podrijetla u Beču; stranica 38; broj 107, studeni / prosinac 2008.
  9. ^ "Svjetski dan pjesništva". www. knjiznica-vz.hr (in Croatian) (Gradska knižnica i čitaonica Metel Ožegović). 
  10. ^ Ivo Goldstein (2001, p. 633)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kraus, Ognjen (1998). Dva stoljeća povijesti i kulture Židova u Zagrebu i Hrvatskoj. Zagreb: Židovska općina Zagreb. ISBN 953-96836-2-9. 
  • Snješka Knežević, Aleksander Laslo (2011). Židovski Zagreb. Zagreb: AGM, Židovska općina Zagreb. ISBN 978-953-174-393-8. 
  • Goldstein, Ivo (2005). Židovi u Zagrebu 1918 - 1941. Zagreb: Novi Liber. ISBN 953-6045-23-0. 
  • Goldstein, Ivo (2001). Holokaust u Zagrebu. Zagreb: Novi Liber. ISBN 953-6045-19-2. 
  • Pintar, Marijana, Hirschler, Žiga (Hiršler), u: Macan, Trpimir (ur.), Hrvatski biografski leksikon, Zagreb: Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleža, 1983., str. 580-581. (Croatian)
  • Polić, Branko, Prekinuti roman Žige Hirschlera, Cantus, 1994, 80/81, str. 25. (Croatian)
  • "Torta - Popijevke hrvatskih skladatelja uz klavirsku pratnju" (priredili Kristina Beck - Kukavčić i Felix Spiller; Edicije Spiller - hrvatski skladatelji, Zagreb 2005). (Croatian)
  • Vujnović-Tonković, Ankica, Pisana riječ Žige Hirschlera, Novi Omanut – Prilog židovskoj povijesti i kulturi, 1995, 12, str. 5-7. (Croatian)