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Ə or ə is a letter derived from the Latin alphabet. Both glyphs of the majuscule and minuscule forms of this letter are based on the rotated form of a minuscule e; a similar letter with identical minuscule ǝ is used in the Pan-Nigerian Alphabet and some alphabets based on the African reference alphabet, but has the capital form majuscule Ǝ, based on a horizontally flipped majuscule E.
The letter was used in the Uniform Turkic Alphabet, for example, in Janalif for the Tatar language in the 1920s-1930s. In the Latin Azerbaijani and Chechen alphabets, Ə represents the near-open front unrounded vowel, /æ/.
In the Latin transliteration of Avestan, the corresponding long vowel is written as schwa-macron, Ə̄/ə̄.
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER SCHWA||LATIN SMALL LETTER SCHWA||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER REVERSED E||LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED E|
|UTF-8||198 143||C6 8F||201 153||C9 99||198 142||C6 8E||199 157||C7 9D|
|Numeric character reference||Ə||Ə||ə||ə||Ǝ||Ǝ||ǝ||ǝ|
Not to be confused with U+2203 ∃ there exists (HTML:
∃ as a mathematical symbol). When using ə in Unicode, the Azerbaijani language has problems with the ISO/IEC Turkish encoding, so sometimes ä has been used instead, as in the Tatar language and Turkmen language.
In Windows, the uppercase "Ə" can be generated by holding the Alt key and pressing 399 on the number pad. The lowercase "ə" with Alt + 601. In Linux, it is generated by Compose + e + e.
In MacOS with the U.S. Extended keyboard, the letters Ə ə Ǝ ǝ are made with Option-Shift-: followed by A a E e respectively.
|Look up ə in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|