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Ƒ ƒ
Ƒ ƒ
Lowercase F with hook in regular type on the left and in italic on the right, the florin sign is always in italic.

The letter Ƒ (minuscule: ƒ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, based on the italic form of f; or on its regular form with a descender hook added. A very similar-looking letter, ʄ (a dotless j with a hook and a horizontal stroke), is used in the IPA for a voiced palatal implosive.


Ƒ is used in writing the Ewe language in a straight form to represent the sound [ɸ], as distinct from the letter F, which represents an [f].


The minuscule italic ƒ, also called the florin sign, is used as a symbol for several currencies, including the former Dutch guilder, the Aruban florin, and the Netherlands Antillean guilder. It can be found as italic in non-italic fonts.

The italic ƒ has been used to denote mathematical functions,[1] or to indicate aperture in photography (e.g. ƒ/2.8) in place of the more common italic f (in serif fonts) or oblique f (in sans-serif fonts).[citation needed]

Appearance in computer fonts[edit]

Older fonts and character encodings included only the minuscule form for its use as an abbreviation. Unicode includes both the majuscule and the minuscule. Because of its origin, the italic ƒ (f with a hook) looks exactly like the italic f (f) in some typefaces. Ƒ and ƒ occupy code points U+191 and U+192 in Unicode respectively, and may be entered by appropriate input methods.

On a computer running Microsoft Windows and using the Windows-1252 character encoding, the minuscule can be input using Alt+159.

The character has been used on the Macintosh to mean folder, in particular as part of a folder name. For example, the game Bugdom, when included on some Mac OS 9 installations, was contained in a folder called "Bugdom ƒ". This usage has died out with the advent of Mac OS X. The character is created on the Macintosh by pressing Opt+f.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Latin Extended-B" (PDF). Official Unicode code chart. Retrieved January 17, 2009. 

External links[edit]