Open front rounded vowel

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Open front rounded vowel
ɶ
IPA number 312
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɶ
Unicode (hex) U+0276
X-SAMPA &
Kirshenbaum a.
Braille ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)
Sound

The open front rounded vowel, or low front rounded vowel, is a type of vowel sound, not confirmed to be phonemic in any spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɶ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is &. The letter ɶ is a small caps rendition of Œ. Note that œ, the lowercase version of the ligature, is used for the open-mid front rounded vowel.

The IPA prefers terms "close" and "open" for vowels, and the name of the article follows this. However, a large number of linguists, perhaps a majority, prefer the terms "high" and "low".

Features[edit]

IPA vowel chart
Front Near-​front Central Near-​back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
iy
ɨʉ
ɯu
ɪʏ
eø
ɘɵ
ɤo
ɛœ
ɜɞ
ʌɔ
æ
aɶ
ɑɒ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
Symbols with diacritics do not appear on the official IPA vowel chart. They are shown here for an easier access to articles.
This table contains phonetic symbols, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]

IPA help • IPA key • chart • Loudspeaker.svg chart with audio • view
  • Its vowel height is open, also known as low, which means the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth – that is, as low as possible in the mouth.
  • Its vowel backness is front, which means the tongue is positioned as far forward as possible in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant. Note that rounded front vowels are often centralized, which means that they're in fact near-front.
  • It's rounded, which means that the lips are rounded rather than spread or relaxed.

Occurrence[edit]

[ɶ] is not confirmed to exist as a phoneme in any language, but it occurs allophonically in Danish - though in this language it is somewhat higher and more central than open front.[1][2]

A phoneme generally transcribed by this symbol is reported from the Amstetten dialect of Austro-Bavarian German. However, phonetically it is open-mid, i.e. [œ].[3]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Danish[1][2] børn [b̥ɶ̝̈ɐ̯n] 'children' Near-open near-front;[1][2] allophone of /ø(ː)/ and /œ(ː)/ after /ʁ/, sometimes also before it. See Danish phonology

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]