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Features of the epiglottal stop:
- Its manner of articulation is occlusive, which means it is produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract. Since the consonant is also oral, with no nasal outlet, the airflow is blocked entirely, and the consonant is a stop.
- Its place of articulation is epiglottal, which means it is articulated with the aryepiglottic folds against the epiglottis.
- It has no defined phonation, although it is typically voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. Voiced epiglottal "stops" tend toward being epiglottal flaps.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the central–lateral dichotomy does not apply.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|Haida||Northern dialects||g̱antl||[ʡʌntɬ]||'water'||Corresponds to /ɢ̥/ in southern dialects.|
|Jah Hut[not in citation given]||[ɲhɔːʡ]||'tree'|
- Diffloth, Gérard (1976), "Minor-syllable vocalism in Senoic languages", in Jenner, Phillip N.; Thompson, Laurence C.; Starosta, Stanley, Austroasiatic Studies 1, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, pp. 229–247, JSTOR http://www.jstor.org/stable/20019158
- Maddieson, Ian; Spajić, Siniša; Sands, Bonny; Ladefoged, Peter (1993), "Phonetic structures of Dahalo", in Maddieson, Ian, UCLA working papers in phonetics: Fieldwork studies of targeted languages 84, Los Angeles: The UCLA Phonetics Laboratory Group, pp. 25–65