Glottal stop (letter)

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The symbol ʔ is a letter of the Latin alphabet, used to represent a glottal stop in several phonetic transcription schemes, as well as in the alphabets of some languages. A superscript version, ˀ, is also used.

Its shape is based on an enlarged curly apostrophe ,[citation needed] which is also widely used to represent a glottal stop.

Where the glottal stop character is not available, it is sometimes replaced by a question mark ?, which is also its official representation in SAMPA, and to which it bears a striking resemblance.

Glottal stops

In phonetic transcription as well as in several languages, a single, tall glyph is used in all situations, with no distinction between uppercase and lowercase. However, in the Chipewyan, Dogrib, and Slavey languages, the tall version is only used for the uppercase, and a short version is used for the lowercase.

Usage[edit]

Technical transcription[edit]

Vernacular orthographies[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

In Unicode 1.0, only the tall version and superscript version were included. In version 4.1 (2005), an uppercase character was added, and the existing tall glottal stop was redefined as its lowercase. Finally, in version 5.0 (2006) it was decided to separate the cased and caseless usages, assigning separate characters to each.[1]

character ʔ ˀ Ɂ ɂ
Unicode name LATIN LETTER
GLOTTAL STOP
MODIFIER LETTER
GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER
GLOTTAL STOP
LATIN SMALL LETTER
GLOTTAL STOP
character encoding decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 660 0294 704 02C0 577 0241 578 0242
UTF-8 202 148 CA 94 203 128 CB 80 201 129 C9 81 201 130 C9 82
Numeric character reference ʔ ʔ ˀ ˀ Ɂ Ɂ ɂ ɂ

See also[edit]

References[edit]