3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase

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3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase
Identifiers
EC number 1.1.1.157
CAS number 39319-78-3
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.157) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

(S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA + NADP+ \rightleftharpoons 3-acetoacetyl-CoA + NADPH + H+

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA and NADP+, whereas its 3 products are 3-acetoacetyl-CoA, NADPH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, to be specific those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA:NADP+ oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include beta-hydroxybutyryl coenzyme A dehydrogenase, L(+)-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase, BHBD, dehydrogenase, L-3-hydroxybutyryl coenzyme A (nicotinamide adenine, dinucleotide phosphate), L-(+)-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase, and beta-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase. This enzyme participates in benzoate degradation via coa ligation and butanoate metabolism.

References[edit]

  • Madan VK, Hillmer P, Gottschalk G (1973). "Purification and properties of NADP-dependent L(+)-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase from Clostridium kluyveri". Eur. J. Biochem. 32 (1): 51–6. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1973.tb02577.x. PMID 4405720.