Ukrainian Association of the Blind

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The Ukrainian Association of the Blind (UTOS - from the Ukrainian cyrillic acronym УТОС) is a voluntary public organization for the visually impaired, which operates in Ukraine. The UTOS was founded on June 4, 1933, when the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People's Commissars of Ukraine decided to establish a Ukrainian Society for the Blind. By this time in Ukraine there were 12 local organizations of the visually impaired, bringing together more than 100 people. The Chairman of the Organizing Bureau was approved by Abram Moiseevich Edelman. Now various companies produce a UASB range of household goods and garden equipment from polymers, as well as low-voltage electrical products and equipment for production and engineering facilities.

The purpose of the existence[edit]

Ukrainian Society for the Blind state support measures for conducting social work, medical and vocational rehabilitation of disabled persons - citizens of Ukraine who can not compete in the labor market. The organization provides employment, health and social protection of the Visually Impaired . This locally generated primary organizations, and in areas where there is a need to also organize training and production company. Blind people get the full range of social protection, the ability to fully implement opportunities to live and to work . Destination of selected features of blind people to perform a particular job. Help the state goes on direct financing of projects, and indirectly by providing tax benefits to companies creating public procurement system Blind .

History[edit]

History of the development and establishment of Ukrainian Society for the Blind began June 4, 1933. In the year the Central Executive Committee and Council of People's Commissars of the USSR decided to create Ukrainian Society for the Blind . By this time in Ukraine there were 12 local organizations of visually impaired people, uniting more than 100 people. Chairman of the Organizing Bureau was approved by Abram Moyseyovych Edelman.

In 1934 12 workshops UTOS already worked 470 blind. They are made from waste materials, goods by 5.3 million rubles. In the same year published the first issue of the magazine for blind children Braille "Young Pioneer" (from 1969 - " Schoolboy ").

In 1935 in Ukraine are operated 78 production workshops where disabled people were employed in 2411 . Founded magazine "Work Blind" - the predecessor of the magazine " The Call ".

In 1941 the business UTOS employed more than 2700 people with visual handicaps. Society had 38 hostels, 33 clubs, 37 libraries.

In 1956 the enterprise district and urban societies blind renamed training production plants (TPP).

In 1991 the number of members of the company was 58,000. Operates 190 primary organizations (79 industrial and 111 local).

In 1992 in Lviv, and the fund raised signage - NGO that at the stage of emergence of a market economy in Ukraine has set itself the goal of social protection of the Visually Impaired . Recruited the first group of blind students to Henichesk medical school.

In 1993, International Biographical Centre in Cambridge (UK) awarded GO Zeitlin title " Man of the Year 1992" . The system is widely marked the 75th anniversary of the birth and the 50th = anniversary of the death of the Hero of the Soviet Union Jacob Batiouk.

In 1994 and amateur groups UTOS took an active part in the festival disabled Ukraine "Inspiration ". A Training and Information Center computer Blind . Despite serious financial and economic difficulties which are experienced in this period, society, the system successfully developing sport amateur . At the World Championships in swimming in the capital of the Republic of Malta Valleti utosivska team showed high grade, will to win, won several silver and bronze medals.

In 1995 and in collective enterprises and organizations UTOS continued discussing new edition of the Charter of the Company.

In 1996 and 22–23 May in Evpatoria XIII Congress passed another UTOS. It was attended by over 190 delegates - representatives of all groups of associations, businesses, local organizations UTOS . Congress approved amendments to the Articles of Association, adopted the concept and main directions of its activities for the next period . Chairman of the Central Board of the Company elected Vladislav Bilchycha .

In 1997 and on the basis of national service training executives and professionals UTOS was psychological and practical rehabilitation of the first group of totally blind people, mostly young people with disabilities, from all regions of Ukraine . In Ryksyvani (Italy) took place European Championships in athletics and swimming among the visually impaired . From this prestigious event brought utosivtsi 4 gold, 10 silver and 9 bronze medals. At the initiative of blind PhD G. Zeitlin founded association " Window to the World ."

In 1998 and opened in Kiev Blind Rehabilitation Center.

In 1999 and Community Association celebrated the 10th anniversary of the publication of the first issue of the newspaper "Ray" and the 65th anniversary - of " pupil ." VIII Plenum of the Central Bank UTOS discussed "Status of rehabilitation work in the system and ways to improve " and identified new ways, forms and methods of work is very important.

In 2000 and ninth plenum of the Central Bank UTOS, considered the question, " The work of associations, enterprises and organizations UTOS in 1999 and the priorities of the Society in 2000", stated the release utosivskoho the beginning of the crisis, increase in output. UTOS community celebrated the 65 th anniversary of the journal = "The Call ". Blind athletes competing in three sports successfully performed at the XI Paralympic Games in Sydney. They have won 13 medals - 2 gold, 5 silver and 6 bronze. Decree of the President of Ukraine best Paralympic medals awarded "Merit" II and III levels .

In 2001 22 th - May 23, Congress passed the fourteenth Blind. He has made amendments to the Articles of Association, adopted the Regulation on central government and the Central Auditing Commission UTOS. Congress approved the Concept of the Guidelines of the Ukrainian Society for the Blind of social work and rehabilitation, social protection and social integration of visually impaired people in the 2001 – 2005 years. Ensemble piper Kamenetz - Podolsk Khmelnytsiy region presented on the main stage in Ukraine - Palace "Ukraine" - a concert of popular talents dedicated to the 10th anniversary of independence. Republican Library name Nikolay Ostrovsky said the 65th anniversary of the creation.

In 2002 there is direct hotline in which the question of visually impaired people responsible head of Securities Blind VM Bilchych . International Committee of the registration champions and international champions handed the club totally blind artist from Kharkov Dmitry Didorenko just three awards : a special diploma club medal and the prestigious statuette of Nike. At the VIII Winter Paralympic Games in Salt Lake City (USA) Ukrainian blind skiers won three medals Oleg Munts - two silver, Vitaliy Lukyanenko - bronze.

In 2006 and 23–24 May 2006 held in Evpatoria XV Congress UTOS. The congress approved the Concept of Reform and main activities of the Blind for 2006-2010

Training and Production Enterprise UTOS[edit]

Blind enterprise system is the basis for the employment of the blind, as it made them maximum opportunities for disabled self, their ability to toil and receive remuneration. Not that normal business will be able to organize a workplace blind man, because there are many problems. Enterprises Blind perform this function successfully - such organized processes and jobs to a blind man could fulfill its process as safely and efficiently. Take into account the ability of blind people have a great touch and hearing, not some random processes blind person can do rather than the sighted, with the same quality . Industrial premises fitted so that the blind or visually impaired person could not be injured by equipment and various devices . Essentially Training and Production Enterprise UTOS a mini town with full social infrastructure ( clubs, art, sports, medical, etc.), housing and dormitories shops, household infrastructure are also located nearby. To safely move completely blind by the company and the surrounding area base audio signal beacons (each has a different key ) and the railing along the tracks and hazardous areas. On the roadway in production and in the community also put a small layer of asphalt (lane on the road) that allows blind at the appropriate spatial skills have oriyentatsyyu to know of the item. There are special models of industrial premises adjacent areas which experienced teacher conducting individual sessions with training targeting the area. Enormous role observance of safety standards . Typically the business PIs Blind Visually Impaired number does not exceed 50%. This is due to the fact that when a large number of blind complicated organization of production of each employee without blemish of targeted assistance and support to blind man.

Organizations, associations, businesses Ukrainian Society for the Blind[edit]

Specialized Central Library for the Blind name Nikolay Ostrovsky.

Training and Information Center computer Blind.

Kyiv City Organization of the Blind.

Zaporizhia Region Organization of Blind.

Vinnytsia Region Organization of Blind.

Bila Tserkva Training and Production Enterprise UTOS.

Production and sales company Blind.

Poltava "Electrocontact" Training and Production Association UTOS.

Simferopol "Krymplast" Training and Production Association UTOS.

Dnipropetrovsk "Ray" Training and Production Association UTOS.

Krivorozhskoe Training and Production Enterprise UTOS.

Sumy Training and Production Enterprise UTOS.

Kamenetz-Podolsk Training and Production Enterprise UTOS.

Kiev Training and Production Enterprise UTOS number 1

Kiev Training and Production Enterprise UTOS number 2

Kiev Training and Production Enterprise UTOS number 3

Kiev Training and Production Enterprise UTOS number 4.

Production companies UTOS[edit]

Now let businesses Blind range of commercial products and garden equipment from polymers and low-voltage electrical products and equipment products for liftobudivelnyh and engineering systems.

References[edit]