Ghayn (Cyrillic)

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Not to be confused with غ (Ghayn), an Arabic letter.
Cyrillic letter Ghayn
Cyrillic letter Ghayn.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й Ј
К Л Љ М Н Њ О
П Р С Т Ћ Ќ У
Ў Ф Х Ц Ч Џ Ш
Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
Ӑ Ӓ Ә Ӛ Ӕ Ғ Ҕ
Ӻ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ Ԫ Ԭ
Ӗ Ӂ Җ Ӝ Ԅ Ҙ Ӟ
Ԑ Ӡ Ԇ Ӣ Ҋ Ӥ Қ
Ӄ Ҡ Ҟ Ҝ Ԟ Ԛ Ӆ
Ԓ Ԡ Ԯ Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ
Ң Ӈ Ҥ Ԣ Ԩ Ԋ Ӧ
Ө Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ Ҧ Ҏ Ԗ
Ҫ Ԍ Ҭ Ԏ Ӯ Ӱ Ӳ
Ү Ұ Ҳ Ӽ Ӿ Һ Ԧ
Ҵ Ҷ Ӵ Ӌ Ҹ Ҽ
Ҿ Ӹ Ҍ Ӭ Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ ОУ Ѡ Ѿ Ѣ
Ѥ Ѧ Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

Ghayn (Ғ ғ; italics: Ғ ғ) also known as Ge with stroke, or as Ayn (in Kazakh), is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In Unicode this letter is called "Ghe with stroke".[1]

It is used in the Bashkir, Kazakh, Uzbek and Tajik languages, where it represents the voiced uvular fricative /ʁ/. Despite having a similar shape, it is not related to the Latin letter F (F f) or the Greek letter Digamma (Ϝ ϝ). In Kazakh and Tofa, this letter may also represent the voiced velar fricative /ɣ/. In Nivkh, ғ represents /ɣ/, while /ʁ/ is represented by ӻ, which looks like ғ with a hook. The Khakas language also uses ғ.

In earlier, Arabic-alphabet-based orthographies for some of these languages, the same sound was written with the letter ﻍ (ġayn/ghain).

Transliteration[edit]

In Kazakh and Tajik, it is transliterated as ğ or gh, and in Uzbek it is transliterated as . In Azerbaijani, it is transliterated as ğ.

Computing codes[edit]

Character Ғ ғ
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER
GHE WITH STROKE
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER
GHE WITH STROKE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1170 U+0492 1171 U+0493
UTF-8 210 146 D2 92 210 147 D2 93
Numeric character reference Ғ Ғ ғ ғ

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cyrillic: Range: 0400–04FF". pp 38–43 of The Unicode Standard, Version 6.0 (2010). p. 42. http://unicode.org/charts/PDF/U0400.pdf Accessed 2011-04-25.