Islamic honorifics

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Many Muslims when praying their daily prayers have to say the Salat Ibrahimiya.

The Salat Ibrahimiya is "Allahumma Salli 'ala Muhammad wa Ahl-e Muhammad Kama Sallayta 'ala Ibrahim wa Ahl-e Ibrahim wa baareek 'ala Muhammad wa Ahl-e Muhammad Kama Baarakta 'ala Ibrahim wa 'ala Ahl-e Ibrahim fi-l 'Alameen innaka Hameedum Majid." This translates to "O God exalt Muhammad and his progeny as you have exalted Ibrahim and his progeny, and bless Muhammad and his progeny as You have blessed Ibrahim and his progeny in these worlds as You are All Praiseworthy All Glorious."

This can be rendered to mean: "O Allah! Send prayers upon Muhammad and the Family of Muhammad, as You sent prayers upon Ibrahim and the Family of Ibrahim. Lo! You are Praiseworthy, Glorious. O Allah! Send blessings upon Muhammad and the Family of Muhammad, as You sent blessings upon Ibrahim and the Family of Ibrahim. Lo! You are Praiseworthy, Glorious."

Strictly speaking, it is incorrect to describe this or any of the following phrases as 'honorifics', since the latter are titles (as in the Persian form Hadrat-i Muhammad, where the honorific precedes the name). There seems to be no precise English word for the terms discussed here, but salawat could translate as 'blessings' or even 'prayers'.

There is also a number of other blessings that are used for Muhammad.

Alayhi 'l-salat wa'l-Salam[edit]

Meaning: Upon him prayer and peace
Arabic: عليه الصلاة والسلام

Used for all earlier Prophets and Angels.

Alayhi wa 'ala Alihi al-salat wa 'l-Salam[edit]

Meaning: Upon him and his family be prayer and peace
Arabic: عليه وعلى آله الصلاة والسلام

Salawat Allahi 'alayhi wa Alihi[edit]

Meaning: The exaltations of God shall be upon him and his family
Arabic: صلوات الله عليه وآله

Salawat Allah wa Salamuhu 'Alayhi wa Alihi[edit]

Meaning: The exaltations and peace of God be upon him and his family
Arabic: صلوات الله وسلامه عليه وآله

Salla 'llah 'Alayhi wa Alihi wa Sahbihi wa sallam[edit]

Meaning: May God exalt and bring peace upon him, his family, and his companions
Arabic: صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم

Salla 'llah 'alayhi wa Alihi wa sallam[edit]

Meaning: May God exalt and bring peace upon him and his progeny
Arabic: صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم

Radi Allahu 'anhu[edit]

Meaning: May God be pleased with him
Arabic: رضي الله عنه

Used for companions of prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam.)

See also[edit]