|Phonemic representation:||b, v|
|Position in alphabet:||2|
|Numerical (Gematria/Abjad) value:||2|
This letter's name means "house" in various Semitic languages (Arabic bayt, Akkadian bītu, bētu, Hebrew: bayiṯ, Phoenician bt etc.; ultimately all from Proto-Semitic *bayt-), and appears to derive from a Middle Bronze Age picture of a house by acrophony.
Hebrew Bet / Vet 
(c.1050 – 200 BCE)
(400 BCE – present)
(200 BCE – present)
(400 CE – present)
|Various Print Fonts||Cursive
Hebrew spelling: בֵּית
The Hebrew letter represents two different phonemes: a "b" sound (/b/) (bet) and a "v" sound (/v/) (vet). The two are distinguished by a dot (called a dagesh) in the centre of the letter for /b/ and no dot for /v/.
This letter is named bet and vet, following the modern Israeli Hebrew pronunciation, bet and vet (/bɛjt/), in Israel and by most Jews familiar with Hebrew, although some non-Israeli Ashkenazi speakers pronounce it beis and veis (/bejs/). It is also named beth, following the Tiberian Hebrew pronunciation, in academic circles.
in modern Hebrew the frequency of the usage of bet, out of all the letters, is 4.98%.
Variations on written form/pronunciation 
Bet with the dagesh 
Bet without the dagesh (Vet) 
Significance of ב, mystical and otherwise 
Bet in gematria symbolizes the number 2.
Rashi points out that the letter is closed on three sides and open on one; this is to teach you that you may question about what happened after creation, but not what happened before it, or what is above the heavens or below the earth.
Syriac Beth 
In the Syriac alphabet, the second letter is ܒ — Beth (ܒܝܼܬ). It is one of six letters that represents two associated sounds (the others are Gimel, Dalet, Kaph, Pe and Taw). When Beth has a hard pronunciation (qûššāyâ) it is a [b]. When Beth has a soft pronunciation (rûkkāḵâ) it is traditionally pronounced as a [v], similar to its Hebrew form. However, in eastern dialects, the soft Beth is more often pronounced as a [w], and can form diphthongs with its preceding vowel. Whether Beth should be pronounced as a hard or soft sound is generally determined by its context within a word. However, wherever it is traditionally geminate within a word, even in dialects that no longer distinguish double consonants, it is hard. In the West Syriac dialect, some speakers always pronounce Beth with its hard sound.
Beth, when attached to the beginning of a word, represents the preposition 'in, with, at'. As a numeral, the letter represents the number 2, and, using various systems of dashes above or below, can stand for 2,000 and 20,000.
Arabic bāʾ 
The Arabic letter ب is named باء bāʾ (bāʔ). It is written in several ways depending on its position in the word:
|Position in word:||Isolated||Final||Medial||Initial|
The letter normally renders /b/ sound, except in some names and loanwords where it can also render /p/, often arabized as /b/. (as in برسيل (Persil). For /p/, it may be used interchangeably with the Persian letter پ - pe (with 3 dots) in this case.
Character encodings 
|Unicode name||HEBREW LETTER BET||ARABIC LETTER BEH||SYRIAC LETTER BETH||SAMARITAN LETTER BIT|
|UTF-8||215 145||D7 91||216 168||D8 A8||220 146||DC 92||224 160 129||E0 A0 81|
|Numeric character reference||ב||ב||ب||ب||ܒ||ܒ||ࠁ||ࠁ|
|Unicode name||UGARITIC LETTER BETA||IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER BETH||PHOENICIAN LETTER BET|
|UTF-8||240 144 142 129||F0 90 8E 81||240 144 161 129||F0 90 A1 81||240 144 164 129||F0 90 A4 81|
|UTF-16||55296 57217||D800 DF81||55298 56385||D802 DC41||55298 56577||D802 DD01|
|Numeric character reference||𐎁||𐎁||𐡁||𐡁||𐤁||𐤁|
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