Nunation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from ٌ)
Jump to: navigation, search

In some Semitic languages, such as Arabic, nunation (Arabic: تنوينtanwīn) is the addition of a final nūn sound to a noun or adjective to indicate that it is fully declinable and syntactically unmarked for definiteness.

Symbol
ـٌ


ـٍ


ـً

Transliteration
-un

-in

-an

There are three of these vowel diacritics, and the signs indicate, from left to right, the endings -un (nominative case), -in (genitive), and -an (accusative). The sign ـً‎ is most commonly written in combination with اalif (ـًا‎), ةً‎ (tāʾ marbūṭa تاء مربوطة) or stand-alone ءً‎ (hamza همزة). An alif should always be written unless the word ends in tāʾ marbūṭa or hamza or is a diptote, even though the -un, -an or -in is not written.

Since Arabic has no indefinite article, nouns in a syntactic context unmarked for definiteness are generally indefinite; this has led to the extremely common but inaccurate belief that nunation is a marker for indefiniteness and is analogous to an indefinite article. The lack of a marker for definiteness does not necessarily make a word indefinite; in fact, many definite nouns (proper names) take nunation, as for example in the expression أشهد أن محمدًا رسول الله (ašhadu anna muḥammadan rasūlu allāh: "I witness that Muhammad is the messenger of God."), in which the name Muḥammad, a definite noun, is nunated.

Nunation may also refer to the -n  ending of duals in Akkadian (until it was dropped in the Old Babylonian period).[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]