List of emoticons

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A colon, followed by a dash, followed by a closing bracket. They resemble a smiley face.
A simple smiley

This is a list of notable and commonly used emoticons or textual portrayals of a writer's mood or facial expression in the form of icons. The Western use of emoticons is quite different from Eastern usage, and Internet forums, such as 2channel, typically show expressions in their own ways. In recent times, graphic representations, both static and animated, have taken the place of traditional emoticons in the form of icons. These are commonly known as emoji.[1]

Emoticons can generally be divided into three groups: Western or Horizontal (mainly from America and Europe), Eastern or Vertical (mainly from east Asia), and 2channel style (originally used on 2channel and other Japanese message boards). The most common explanation for these differences is how the different cultures value different parts of the face, i.e. eyes often play a bigger part in figuring out mood in the East while the West puts the eyes as equal to the rest of the face.[2]

Western

Western style emoticons are mostly written from left to right as though the head is rotated counter-clockwise 90 degrees. One will most commonly see the eyes on the left, followed by the nose (often not included) and then the mouth. Typically, a colon is used for the eyes of a face, unless winking which uses a semicolon. However, an equal sign, a number 8, and a capital letter B are also used interchangeably to refer to normal eyes, widened eyes or those with glasses. One can also add a "}" after the mouth symbol-"(", ")", etc.—to indicate a beard.

Icon Meaning
:-) :) :D :o) :] :3 :c) :> =] 8) =) :} :^) :っ) Smiley or happy face.[3][4][5]
:-D 8-D 8D x-D xD X-D XD =-D =D =-3 =3 B^D Laughing,[3] big grin,[4][5] laugh with glasses[6]
:-)) Very happy or double chin[6]
>:[ :-( :(  :-c :c :-<  :っC :< :-[ :[ :{ Frown,[3][4][5] sad[7]
;( Winky frowny, used to signify sadness, with a bit of sarcasm. It is easily misunderstood.[8]
:-|| :@ >:( Angry[6]
:'-( :'( Crying[7]
:'-) :') Tears of happiness[7]
D:< D: D8 D; D= DX v.v D-': Horror, disgust, sadness, great dismay[4][5]
>:O :-O :O :-o :o 8-0 O_O o-o O_o o_O o_o O-O Surprise,[2] shock,[3][9] yawn[10]
:* :^* ( '}{' ) Kiss, couple kissing[6]
;-) ;) *-) *) ;-] ;] ;D ;^) :-, Wink,[3][4][5] smirk[9][10]
>:P :-P :P X-P x-p xp XP :-p :p =p :-Þ :Þ :þ :-þ :-b :b d: Tongue sticking out, cheeky/playful,[3] blowing a raspberry
>:\ >:/ :-/ :-. :/ :\ =/ =\ :L =L :S >.< Skeptical, annoyed, undecided, uneasy, hesitant[3]
:| :-| Straight face[4] no expression, indecision[7]
:$ Embarrassed,[5] blushing[6]
:-X :X :-# :# Sealed lips or wearing braces[3]
O:-) 0:-3 0:3 0:-) 0:) 0;^) Angel,[3][4][9] saint,[7] innocent
>:) >;) >:-) Evil[4]
}:-) }:) 3:-) 3:) Devilish[7]
o/\o ^5 >_>^ ^<_< High five[10]
|;-) |-O Cool,[7] bored/yawning[9]
:-& :& Tongue-tied[7]
#-) Partied all night[7]
%-) %) Drunk,[7] confused
:-###.. :###.. Being sick[7]
<:-| Dumb, dunce-like[9]
ಠ_ಠ Look of disapproval[11] The Unicode character ಠ is from the Kannada alphabet and can be called differently in HTML notation: &#3232; and &#x0CA0; (for Unicode)
<*)))-{ ><(((*> ><> Fish, something's fishy,[9] Christian fish[6]
\o/ Cheer "Yay, yay."[6]
*\0/* Cheerleader[6]
@}-;-'--- @>-->-- Rose[3][9]
~(_8^(I) Homer Simpson[9]
5:-) ~:-\ Elvis Presley[9][10]
//0-0\\ John Lennon[9]
*<|:-) Santa Claus[12]
=:o] Bill Clinton[12]
,:-) 7:^] Ronald Reagan[12]
<3 </3 Heart and broken-heart (reverse-rotation)[13]

Eastern

Eastern emoticons generally are not rotated, and may include non-Latin characters to allow for additional complexity.

Icon Meaning
(>_<) (>_<)> Troubled[14][15]
(';') Baby[14]
(^^ゞ (^_^;) (-_-;) (~_~;) (・。・;) (・_・;) (・・;) ^^; ^_^; (#^.^#) (^ ^;) Nervous, embarrassed,[14] troubled, shy,[15] sweat drop[6]
.。o○ ○o。. Bubbles[14]
<コ:彡 Squid[14]
(^。^)y-.。o○ (-。-)y-゜゜゜ Smoking[14]
(-_-)zzz Sleeping[14]
(^_-) (^_-)-☆ Wink[14]
((+_+)) (+o+) (゜゜) (゜-゜) (゜.゜) (゜_゜) (゜_゜>) (゜レ゜) Confused[14]
(o|o) Ultraman [14]
<(`^´)> [14]
^_^ (゜o゜) (^_^)/ (^O^)/ (^o^)/ (^^)/ (≧∇≦)/ (/◕ヮ◕)/ (^o^)丿 ∩( ・ω・)∩ ( ・ω・) ^ω^ Joyful[14][15][16]
(__) _(._.)_ _(_^_)_ <(_ _)> <m(__)m> m(__)m m(_ _)m Kowtow as a sign of respect, or dogeza for apology[14][15]
(゜゜)~ Tadpole[14]
( ^^) _U~~ ( ^^) _旦~~ Cup of tea[14]
☆彡 ☆ミ Shooting star[14]
\(゜ロ\)ココハドコ? (/ロ゜)/アタシハダアレ? "Where am I?", "Who am I?"[14]
>゜)))彡 (Q )) ><ヨヨ (゜))<< >゜))))彡 <゜)))彡 >゜))彡 <+ ))><< <*)) >=< Fish[14]
('_') (/_;) (T_T) (;_;) (;_; (;_:) (;O;) (:_;) (ToT) (T▽T) ;_; ;-; ;n; ;; Q.Q T.T QQ Q_Q Sad, crying[9][14][15]
(ー_ー)!! (-.-) (-_-) ( 一一) (;一_一) Shame[14]
C:。ミ Octopus[14]
(=_=) Tired[14]
~>゜)~~~  Snake[14]
~゜・_・゜~  Bat[14]
(=^・^=) (=^・・^=) =^_^= Cat[14][16]
(..) (._.) Looking down[14]
^m^ [14]
(・・? (?_?) Confusion[14]
>^_^< <^!^> ^/^ (*^_^*) §^。^§ (^<^) (^.^) (^ム^) (^・^) (^。^) (^_^.) (^_^) (^^) (^J^) (*^。^*) ^_^ (#^.^#) (^-^) Normal laugh[14]
(^^)/~~~ (^_^)/~ (;_;)/~~~ (^.^)/~~~ ($・・)/~~~ (@^^)/~~~ (T_T)/~~~ (ToT)/~~~ Waving[14]
●~* Bomb[14]
(V)o¥o(V) Alien Baltan[14]
\(~o~)/ \(^o^)/ \(-o-)/ ヽ(^。^)ノ ヽ(^o^)丿 (*^0^*) Excited[14]
(*_*) (*_*; (+_+) (@_@) (@_@。 (@_@;) \(◎o◎)/! Amazed[14]
(-_-)/~~~ピシー!ピシー! [14]
 !(^^)! [14]
(*^^)v (^^)v (^_^)v (^▽^) (・∀・) ( ´∀`) (⌒▽⌒) (^v^) (’-’*) Laughing, cheerful[14][15]
(~o~) (~_~) [14]
(^^ゞ [14]
(p_-) [14]
((d[-_-]b)) Headphones/listening to drum and bass music.[14]
(-"-) (ーー゛) (^_^メ) (-_-メ) (`´) (~_~メ) (--〆) (・へ・) <`~´> <`ヘ´> (ーー;) Worried[14][15]
(^0_0^) Eyeglasses[14]
( ..)φメモメモ φ(..)メモメモ Note[14]
 :-P :-O |:3ミ :-> 8-< :-) :-< :( :-( :) :| :-| [14]
(●^o^●) (^v^) (^u^) (^◇^) ( ^)o(^ ) (^O^) (^o^) (^○^) )^o^( (*^▽^*) (✿◠‿◠) Happy[14][15]
( ̄ー ̄) Grinning[15]
( ̄□ ̄;)°o° °O° :O o_O o_0 o.O (o.o) Surprised[2][15]
(*´▽`*) (*°∀°)=3 Infatuation[15]
( ゚ Д゚) (゜◇゜) Shocked, surprised[15]
(* ̄m ̄) Dissatisfied[15]
ヽ(´ー`)┌ ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ Mellow, shrug[15]
(´・ω・`) (‘A`) Snubbed or deflated[15]
(*^3^)/~☆ Blowing a kiss[17]
.....φ(・∀・*) Studying is good[17]
キタ━━━(゜∀゜)━━━!!!!!  "It's here", Kitaa!, a general expression of excitement that something has appeared or happened.[15]
_| ̄|○ STO OTZ OTL orz Despair. The "O" or "o" represents one's head on the ground, "T" or "r" forms the torso and "S" or "Z" forms the legs.[15]
(╯°□°)╯︵ ┻━┻ ┬──┬ ¯\_(ツ) ┻━┻ ︵ヽ(`Д´)ノ︵ ┻━┻ ┬─┬ノ( º _ ºノ) (ノಠ益ಠ)ノ彡┻━┻ Table flip[18]

2channel emoticons

The Japanese language is usually encoded using double-byte character codes, which can be reproduced as ASCII art.

Icon Meaning
m9(^Д^) jeering laughter
m(_ _)m kowtow as a sign of respect, or dogeza for apology[15]
(´・ω・`) snubbed or deflated[15]
<`∀´> or <丶`∀´> stereotypical Korean character (Nidā)[19]
[ (★) ]
<丶´Д`>
stereotypical North Korean character (Kigā)[20]  
∧_∧
( ;´Д`)
stereotypical Japanese character (Monā)[20]  
∧∧
/ 中\
(  `ハ´)
stereotypical Chinese character (Sinā)[20]  
∧∧
 / 台\
 ( ^∀^)
stereotypical Taiwanese character (Wanā)[20]
∧∧
/ 越 \
( ・∀・ )
stereotypical Vietnamese character (Venā)[20]
γ~三ヽ
(三彡0ミ)
( ´∀`)
stereotypical Indian Character (Monastē)[20]
| ̄ ̄|
_☆☆☆_
( ´_⊃`)
stereotypical American character (Samū)[20]
 ┏━┓
━━━━━━
ミΘc_Θ-ミ
stereotypical Jewish character (Yudā)[20]
__
│〓.│
━━━━━
ミ ´_>`)
stereotypical English character (Jakū)[20]
____
(〓__>
ξ ・_>・)
stereotypical French character (Torirī)[20]
_、,_
ミ  _⊃)
stereotypical German character (Gerumandamu)[20]
≡≡彡
彡 ´_)` )
stereotypical Austrian character (Osutō)[20]
,,,,,,,,,,,,,
 ミ;;;,,,,,,,ミ 
( `_っ´)
stereotypical Russian character (Rosukī)[20]
_γ⌒ヽ_
lXXXXXXXXl
 ( ´m`)
stereotypical Mexican character (Amīgo)[20]
_
<(o0o)>
(>ミ - ミ )>
stereotypical Persian character (jujø)[20]
(`・ω・´) feel perky[19]
_| ̄|○ given up[19]
(`-´)> salute[19]
(´;ω;`) terribly sad[19]
ヽ(´ー`)ノ peace of mind[19]
ヽ(`Д´)ノ be irritable[19]
(#゚Д゚) angry[19]
( ´Д`) yelling, or panting[19]
( ゚Д゚) surprised, or loudmouthed[19]
┐('~`;)┌ don't know the answer[19]
(´∀`) carefree[19]
( ´_ゝ`) indifferent[19]
Σ(゜д゜;) shocked[19]
( ゚ヮ゚) happy, upbeat[19]
キタ━━━(゜∀゜)━━━!!!!!  "It's here", Kitaa!, a general expression of excitement that something has appeared or happened or "I came".[15]
キタワァ*・゜゚・*:.。..。.:*・゜(n‘∀‘)η゚・*:.。. .。.:*・゜゚・* !!!!!   Girlish version of "It's here".[19]
⊂二二二( ω)二⊃ "bu-n", being carefree and above, with arms stretched out while running/soaring.[19]
(*´Д`)ハァハァ Erotic stirring, haa haa[19]
( ´Д`)ノ(´・ω・`) ナデナデ Patting, nade nade[19]
(((( ;゚Д゚))) Spook[19]
Σ(゚Д゚) Huge surprise[19]
( ´∀`)σ)∀`) Jog someone's cheek[19]
(・∀・ )ヾ(- -;)コラコラ Blaming "now now"[19]
( ゚д゚) Amazed[19]
(´ー`)y-~~ Smoking[19]
( ^_^)o自自o(^_^ ) Toast "Cheers"[19]
m9(・∀・) Flash of intuition[19]
ヽ(´ー`)人(´∇`)人(`Д´)ノ Friendly[19]
('A`) Lonely[19]
( ´,_ゝ`) Depressed, unsatisfied (based on indifferent)[19]
(´-`).。oO( ... ) Thinking[19]
(゚Д゚;≡;゚Д゚) Impatience[19]
( ´д)ヒソ(´Д`)ヒソ(Д` ) Whispers[19]
(・∀・)つ⑩ Carrying money[19]
⊂(゚Д゚⊂⌒`つ≡≡≡(´⌒;;;≡≡≡ Sliding on belly, "whooaaa!!!"[19]
(゚д゚) Unforeseen[19]
(゚⊿゚) "I don't need it"[19]
щ(゚Д゚щ)(屮゚Д゚)屮 Come on[19]
(・∀・) Mocking, "good"[19]
(・A・) "That's bad"[19]
(゚∀゚) Discharged drug-in-brain, goofing around, "A-HYA!"[19]
( つ Д `) Sad[19]
エェェ(´д`)ェェエ Not convincing[19]
( ̄ー ̄) Simper, Snorlax[19]
( ゚∀゚)アハハ八八ノヽノヽノヽノ \ / \/ \ Evil laugh (literally ahahaHAHA...)[19]
[゚д゚] Deflagged[19]
♪┏(・o・)┛♪┗ ( ・o・) ┓♪┏ ( ) ┛♪┗ (・o・ ) ┓♪┏(・o・)┛♪ Happy expressions, dancing to the music[19]
d(*⌒▽⌒*)b Happy expression[19]
_| ̄|○, STO or OTZ or OTL Despair. The "O" or "o" represents one's head on the ground, "T" or "r" forms the torso and "S" or "z" forms the legs.[15]
(╬ ಠ益ಠ) Extreme Distaste, meant to appear as an exaggerated grimace[19]
(≧ロ≦) Shouting[19]
(ΘεΘ;) Pretending not to notice, asleep because of boredom[19]
お(^o^)や(^O^)す(^。^)みぃ(^-^)ノ゙ Kana reading "O ya su mi" meaning "Good night" or "Night"[19]
(*゚ノO゚)<オオオオォォォォォォォーーーーーイ! Calling out, "Ooooi!"[19]
\|  ̄ヘ ̄|/_______θ☆( *o*)/ Kick[19]
(‐^▽^‐)オーホッホ Chuckle
┌(;`~,)┐ Discombobulated[19]
ε=ε=ε=┌(;*´Д`)ノ Running[19]
ヽ(´▽`)/ Happy[19]
^ㅂ^ Happy[19]
(l'o'l) Shocked[19]
ヽ(o`皿′o)ノ really angry[19]
o/ o_ o/ o_ "It's here"
(☞゚ヮ゚)☞ or ☜(゚ヮ゚☜) "Do it"[19]
☜(⌒▽⌒)☞ Angel[19]

Unicode characters

Some emoticons are included in the Unicode standard—three in the Miscellaneous Symbols block, and over sixty in the Emoticons block.

Miscellaneous Symbols (partial)[1]
Unicode.org chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+263x
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 6.0
Emoticons[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1F60x 😀 😁 😂 😃 😄 😅 😆 😇 😈 😉 😊 😋 😌 😍 😎 😏
U+1F61x 😐 😑 😒 😓 😔 😕 😖 😗 😘 😙 😚 😛 😜 😝 😞 😟
U+1F62x 😠 😡 😢 😣 😤 😥 😦 😧 😨 😩 😪 😫 😬 😭 😮 😯
U+1F63x 😰 😱 😲 😳 😴 😵 😶 😷 😸 😹 😺 😻 😼 😽 😾 😿
U+1F64x 🙀 🙁 🙂 🙅 🙆 🙇 🙈 🙉 🙊 🙋 🙌 🙍 🙎 🙏
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 7.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

References

  1. ^ "Emoji and Dingbats". Unicode, Inc. 21 April 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Facial expressions show language barriers too". Science X network. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Paul H. Gil (June 2009). "Emoticons and Smileys 101". Retrieved 2 August 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Yahoo messenger emoticons". Retrieved 2 August 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "MSN messenger emoticons". Retrieved 2 August 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "List of Text Emoticons". Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Orlowski, Andrew (27 January 2006). "Cingular applies to patent smileys". The Register. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  8. ^ "Winky Frowny ;(". winkyfrowny.com. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Williams, Alex (29 July 2007). "(-: Just Between You and Me ;-)". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Net For Beginners". Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  11. ^ Bellamy, Seamus (8 December 2011). "Browser Extension of the Week: Look of Disapproval". Maximum PC. Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c Kent, Peter (2001). The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Internet. Indianapolis, IN: Penguin Books. p. 112. ISBN 0-7897-2523-1. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  13. ^ Doll, Jen (24 March 2011). "Oxford English Dictionary Now Includes Heart". Village Voice. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at "List of emoticons". Retrieved 17 December 2011. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "List of emoticons commonly used in e-mail". 21 June 2006. Retrieved 24 December 2011. 
  16. ^ a b Conroy, Jade (2 July 2012). "Emoticon Yourself". Huffington Post. Retrieved 30 October 2012. 
  17. ^ a b Markman, Kris M.; Oshima, Sae (18 October 2007). "Pragmatic Play? Some Possible Functions of English Emoticons and Japanese Kaomoji in Computer-Mediated Discourse" (PDF). Association of Internet Researchers Annual Conference 8.0: Let's Play!. pp. 12, 13. 
  18. ^ Rawson, James (27 June 2012). "Clip joint: Table flips". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj 2channel Board for Emoticons[dead link]
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Atwiki.jp[dead link](Non English)