Ə

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from )
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Latin-derived letter. For the vowel represented by ə in IPA, see Mid-central vowel. For the Cyrillic letter, see Schwa (Cyrillic).
"Ǝ" redirects here. For the Eminem video collection, see E (video). For the existential quantification symbol, see .
Ə ə
Ə ə

Əə (or in handwriting Эə)[1][2] is a letter derived from the Latin alphabet. Both glyphs of the majuscule and minuscule forms of this letter are based on the rotated form of a minuscule e; a similar letter with identical minuscule ǝ is used in the Pan-Nigerian Alphabet and some alphabets based on the African reference alphabet, but has the capital form majuscule Ǝ, based on a horizontally flipped majuscule E.

The letter was used in the Uniform Turkic Alphabet, for example, in Janalif for the Tatar language in the 1920s-1930s. In the Latin Azerbaijani and Chechen alphabets, Ə represents the near-open front unrounded vowel, /æ/.

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, minuscule ə is used to represent the mid central vowel or a schwa. Also, in a romanization of Pashto, the letter Ə is used to represent [ə].

In the Latin transliteration of Avestan, the corresponding long vowel is written as schwa-macron, Ə̄/ə̄.

Unicode encodings[edit]

Character Ə ə Ǝ ǝ
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER SCHWA LATIN SMALL LETTER SCHWA LATIN CAPITAL LETTER REVERSED E LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED E
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 399 U+018F 601 U+0259 398 U+018E 477 U+01DD
UTF-8 198 143 C6 8F 201 153 C9 99 198 142 C6 8E 199 157 C7 9D
Numeric character reference Ə Ə ə ə Ǝ Ǝ ǝ ǝ

Not to be confused with U+2203 there exists (HTML: ∃ ∃ as a mathematical symbol). When using ə in Unicode, the Azerbaijani language has problems with the ISO/IEC Turkish encoding, so sometimes ä has been used instead, as in the Tatar language and Turkmen language.

In Windows, the uppercase "Ə" can be generated by holding the Alt key and pressing 399 on the number pad. The lowercase "ə" with Alt + 601. In Linux, it is generated by Compose + e + e.

In MacOS with the U.S. Extended keyboard, the letters Ə ə Ǝ ǝ are made with Option-Shift-: followed by A a E e respectively.

References[edit]

  1. ^ ИЗ ИСТОРИИ ПИСЬМА АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКИХ ТЮРКОВ, Мансур Рахбари (Южный Азербайджан, Иран), Bextiyartuncay. Э(ə) harfi için örnek - "э(ə)СРи : леорард ( Китаб аль – Идрак ли – Лисан аль – Атрак ), тигр (Махмуд Кашгари)"
  2. ^ Eesti Keele Instituut / Institute of the Estonian Language KNAB: Kohanimeandmebaas / Place Names Database, Taadi / Tat / Жугьури Džuhuri latinisatsioon / romanization: KNAB 2012-09-30 - Notes-2: "In the earlier Azerbaijani Cyrillic there were variations: ə (= э)."

See also[edit]