Ni (kana)

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ni
transliteration ni
hiragana origin
katakana origin

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. The hiragana is written in three strokes, while the katakana in two. Both represent /ni/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [nʲi].

Notably, the katakana (ニ) is functionally identical for the kanji for two (二), pronounced the same way.

に is used as a particle, as well as a word fragment. As a particle it generally expresses direction, with a similar function to the English 'to'.

i.e. Ton wa, Furansu "ni" ikimashita. Ton went "to" France.

Pan wa, Ton "ni" agemashita. Bread was given "to" Ton.

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal n-
(な行 na-gyō)
ni
nii
にい, にぃ
にー
ニイ, ニィ
ニー
Addition yōon ny-
(にゃ行 nya-gyō)
nya にゃ ニャ
nyaa
nyā, nyah
にゃあ
にゃー
ニャア
ニャー
nyu にゅ ニュ
nyuu
nyū
にゅう
にゅー
ニュウ
ニュー
nyo にょ ニョ
nyou
nyoo
nyō, nyoh
にょう
にょお
にょー
ニョウ
ニョオ
ニョー
Other additional forms
Form (ny-)
Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
(nya) (にゃ) (ニャ)
(nyi) (にぃ) (ニィ)
(nyu) (にゅ) (ニュ)
nye にぇ ニェ
(nyo) (にょ) (ニョ)

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing に
Stroke order in writing に
Stroke order in writing ニ
Stroke order in writing ニ
に-bw.png

The hiragana に is made with three strokes:

  1. A vertical stroke from top to bottom.
  2. A short, horizontal stroke to the upper right of the first stroke, going from left to right.
  3. Another short, horizontal stroke at the bottom right of the first stroke, going from left to right.
ニ-bw.png

The katakana ニ is made with two strokes:

  1. At the top, a horizontal stroke from left to right.
  2. Another, longer horizontal stroke under the first stroke

Other representations[edit]

Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER NI KATAKANA LETTER NI HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER NI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12395 U+306B 12491 U+30CB 65414 U+FF86
UTF-8 227 129 171 E3 81 AB 227 131 139 E3 83 8B 239 190 134 EF BE 86
Numeric character reference に に ニ ニ ニ ニ
Shift JIS 130 201 82 C9 131 106 83 6A 198 C6
  • Braille
に / ニ in Japanese Braille N + Yōon braille
に / ニ
ni
にい / ニー
にゃ / ニャ
nya
にゃあ / ニャー
nyā
にゅ / ニュ
nyu
にゅう / ニュー
nyū
にょ / ニョ
nyo
にょう / ニョー
nyō
⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 6.svg