Shi (kana)

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"シ" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Tsu (kana) ("ツ").
shi
transliteration shi, si
translit. with dakuten ji, zi
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana 新聞のシ
(Shinbun no "shi")

, in hiragana, or in katakana, and the variant form ㋛, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both represent the phoneme /si/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [ɕi] ( ). The shapes of these kana have origins in the character 之. The katakana form has become increasingly popular as an emoticon in the Western world due to its resemblance to a smiling face.[citation needed]

This character may be combined with a dakuten, forming じ in hiragana, ジ in katakana, and ji in Hepburn romanization; the pronunciation becomes /zi/ (phonetically [d͡ʑi] or [ʑi] in the middle of words).

The dakuten form of this character is used when transliterating "di" occasionally, as opposed to 's dakuten form; for example, Aladdin is written as アラジン Arajin, and radio is written as ラジオ.

In the Ainu language, シ is used to represent the ʃi sound. It can also be written as a small ㇱ to represent a final s sound, pronounced ɕ.

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
normal sh/s- alone
(さ行 sa-gyō)
final sh (s)
shi (si)
shii (sii)
shī (), shih (sih)
 

しい, しぃ
しー


シイ, シィ
シー
sh/(s)- and yōon
(しゃ行 sha-gyō)
sha (sa)
shaa (saa)
shah (sah)
shā ()
しゃ
しゃあ
 
しゃー
シャ
シャア
シャㇵ
シャー
shu (su)
shuu (suu)
shū (), shuh (suh)
しゅ
しゅう
しゅー
シュ
シュウ
シュー
she (se)
shee (see)
shē (), sheh (seh)
しぇ
しぇう
しぇー
シェ
シェウ
シェー
sho (so)
shou (sou)
shoo (soo)
shō (), shoh (soh)
しょ
しょう
しょお
しょー
ショ
ショウ
ショオ
ショー
with dakuten j/(d)/z- alone
(ザ行 za-gyō)
final -j (-d), -z
ji (di), zi
jii (dii), zii
(), , jih (dih), zih
 

じい, じぃ
じー
 

ジイ, ジィ
ジー
j/(d)/z- and yōon
(じゃ行 ja-gyō)
ja (da), za
jaa (daa), zaa
(), , jah (dah), zah
じゃ
じゃあ
じゃー
ジャ
ジャア
ジャー
ju (du), zu
juu (duu), zuu
(), , juh (duh), zuh
じゅ
じゅう
じゅー
ジュ
ジュウ
ジュー
je (de), ze
jee (dee), zee
(), , jeh (deh), zeh
じぇ
じぇう
じぇー
ジェ
ジェウ
ジェー
jo (do), zo
jou (dou), zou
joo (doo), zoo
(), , joh (doh), zoh
じょ
じょう
じょお
じょー
ジョ
ジョウ
ジョオ
ジョー

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing Hiragana し
Stroke order in writing Katakana シ

Other representations[edit]

Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER SI KATAKANA LETTER SI HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER SI KATAKANA LETTER SMALL SI HIRAGANA LETTER ZI KATAKANA LETTER ZI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12375 U+3057 12471 U+30B7 65404 U+FF7C 12785 U+31F1 12376 U+3058 12472 U+30B8
UTF-8 227 129 151 E3 81 97 227 130 183 E3 82 B7 239 189 188 EF BD BC 227 135 177 E3 87 B1 227 129 152 E3 81 98 227 130 184 E3 82 B8
Numeric character reference し し シ シ シ シ ㇱ ㇱ じ じ ジ ジ
Shift JIS 130 181 82 B5 131 86 83 56 188 BC 130 182 82 B6 131 87 83 57
  • Braille
し / シ in Japanese Braille Sh/J + Yōon braille
し / シ
shi
じ / ジ
ji
しい / シー
shī
じい / ジー
しゃ / シャ
sha
じゃ / ジャ
ja
しゃあ / シャー
shā
じゃあ / ジャー
⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Sh/J + Yōon braille
しゅ / シュ
shu
じゅ / ジュ
ju
しゅう / シュー
shū
じゅう / ジュー
しょ / ショ
sho
じょ / ジョ
jo
しょう / ショー
shō
じょう / ジョー
⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 5.svg Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 7.svg