Nun (letter)

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Phonemic representation n
Position in alphabet 14
Numerical value 50
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician

Nun is the fourteenth letter of many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew נ and Arabic alphabet nūn ن (in abjadi order). It is the third letter in Thaana (ނ), pronounced as "noonu". Its sound value is [n].

The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek nu (Ν), Etruscan N 𐌍, Latin N, and Cyrillic Н.


Nun is thought to have come from a pictogram of a snake (the Hebrew word for snake, nachash begins with a Nun and snake in Aramaic is nun) or eel. Some have hypothesized a hieroglyph of a fish in water for its origin (in Arabic, nūn means large fish or whale). The Phoenician letter was named nūn "fish", but the glyph has been suggested to descend from a hypothetical Proto-Canaanite naḥš "snake", based on the name in Ethiopic, ultimately from a hieroglyph representing a snake,


(see Middle Bronze Age alphabets). Naḥš in modern Arabic literally means "bad luck". The cognate letter in Ge'ez and descended Semitic languages of Ethiopia is nehas, which also means "brass".

Hebrew Nun[edit]

Orthographic variants
Various Print Fonts Cursive
Serif Sans-serif Monospaced
non final נ נ נ Hebrew letter Nun handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Nun-nonfinal Rashi.png
final ן ן ן Hebrew letter Nun-final handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Nun-final Rashi.png

Hebrew spelling: נוּן


Nun represents an alveolar nasal, (IPA: /n/), like the English letter N.


Nun, like Kaph, Mem, Pe, and Tzadi, has a final form, used at the end of words. Its shape changes from נ to ן. There are also nine instances of an inverted nun (׆) in the Tanakh.


In gematria, Nun represents the number 50. Its final form represents 700 but this is rarely used, Tav and Shin (400+300) being used instead.

As in Arabic, nun as an abbreviation can stand for neqevah, feminine. In medieval Rabbinic writings, Nun Sophit (Final Nun) stood for "Son of" (Hebrew ben or ibn).

Nun is also one of the seven letters which receive a special crown (called a tagin) when written in a Sefer Torah. See Shin, Ayin, Teth, Gimmel, Zayin, and Tzadi.

In the game of dreidel, a rolled Nun passes play to the next player with no other action.

Arabic nūn[edit]

The letter is named nūn, and is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ن ـن ـنـ نـ

Some examples on its uses in Modern Standard Arabic:

Nūn is used as a suffix indicating present-tense plural feminine nouns; for example هِيَ تَكْتُب hiya taktub ("she writes") becomes هُنَّ تَكْتَبْنَ hunna taktabna ("they [feminine] write").

Nūn is also used as the prefix for first-person plural imperfective/present tense verbs. Thus هُوَ يَكْتُب huwwa yaktub ("he writes") → نَحْنُ نَكْتُب naḥnu naktub ("we write").

Saraiki nūn[edit]

Saraiki uses the letter ⟨ݨ⟩ for /ɳ/. It is a compound of nūn and rre (⟨ڑ⟩). For example:

کݨ مݨ، چھݨ چھݨ، ونڄݨ۔

Social Media Campaign (2014)[edit]

In August 2014, with the rapid and brutal advance of ISIL in Northern Iraq, a genocidal persecution of Iraqi Christians and Yadizis) has begun. As ISIL took control of Mosul, Christians were given the choice of converting to Islam (pledging allegiance to the rule of ISIS and paying Jizya); to flee their homes, shops and belongings; or suffer death by sword: thousands of Christians, Yadizis (given the choice of conversion or death) and even other Muslims (mostly Shia whom ISIS consider to be apostates) have abandoned the only homes they have ever known.

As a result, an international social media campaign has been launched to draw the world's attention to the plight of their fellow Christians, making use of the Arabic letter ن (noon) the mark that ISIS members are spraying on the abandoned Christian properties, in order to raise awareness about the fate of Mosul’s Christians.[1]

For the most part Christians, are changing their profile pictures on Facebook and Twitter to pictures of the letter ن, turning it into a symbol of support.[2] [3] The letter ن, in relation to this social media campaign, is being called the "Mark of the Nazarene", because of its use by ISIS to brand Christians, called "Nazarenes/Nasrani" in the Arabic language. [4] [5]

Character encodings[edit]

Character נ ן ن ܢ
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1504 U+05E0 1503 U+05DF 1606 U+0646 1826 U+0722 2061 U+080D
UTF-8 215 160 D7 A0 215 159 D7 9F 217 134 D9 86 220 162 DC A2 224 160 141 E0 A0 8D
Numeric character reference נ נ ן ן ن ن ܢ ܢ ࠍ ࠍ
Character 𐎐 𐡍 𐤍
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 66448 U+10390 67661 U+1084D 67853 U+1090D
UTF-8 240 144 142 144 F0 90 8E 90 240 144 161 141 F0 90 A1 8D 240 144 164 141 F0 90 A4 8D
UTF-16 55296 57232 D800 DF90 55298 56397 D802 DC4D 55298 56589 D802 DD0D
Numeric character reference 𐎐 𐎐 𐡍 𐡍 𐤍 𐤍

See also[edit]

External sources[edit]