T

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This article is about the letter of the alphabet. For other uses, see T (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with .
Cursive.svg
Circle sheer blue 29.gif
Circle sheer blue 31.gif
Cursive script 't' and capital 'T'
T cursiva.gif

T (named tee /ˈt/[1]) is the 20th letter in the ISO basic Latin alphabet. It is the most commonly used consonant and the second most common letter in the English language.[2]

History[edit]

Phoenician
Taw
Etruscan
T
Greek
Tau
Proto-semiticT-01.svg EtruscanT-01.svg Tau uc lc.svg

Taw was the last letter of the Western Semitic and Hebrew alphabets. The sound value of Semitic Taw, Greek alphabet Tαυ (Tau), Old Italic and Latin T has remained fairly constant, representing [t] in each of these; and it has also kept its original basic shape in all of these alphabets.

Usage[edit]

In English, t often denotes the voiceless alveolar plosive (International Phonetic Alphabet and X-SAMPA: /t/), as in "tart", "tee", or "ties", often with aspiration at the beginnings of words or before stressed vowels.

A common digraph is th, which usually represents a dental fricative, but occasionally is a t with a silent h (as in Thomas and thyme.)

Other languages[edit]

In the International Phonetic Alphabet [t] denotes the voiceless alveolar plosive. In the orthographies of other languages, t is often used for /t/, the voiceless dental plosive /t̪/ or similar sounds.

Related letters and other similar characters[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character T t
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER T     LATIN SMALL LETTER T
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 84 U+0054 116 U+0074
UTF-8 84 54 116 74
Numeric character reference T T t t
EBCDIC family 227 E3 163 A3
ASCII 1 84 54 116 74
1 Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.

Other representations[edit]

NATO phonetic Morse code
Tango
ICS Tango.svg Semaphore Tango.svg ⠞
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille
dots-2345

References[edit]

  1. ^ "T", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "tee", op. cit.
  2. ^ Lewand, Robert. "Relative Frequencies of Letters in General English Plain text". Cryptographical Mathematics. Central College. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to T at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of T at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of t at Wiktionary