|TLD type||Country code top-level domain|
|Sponsor||National Internet Exchange of India|
|Intended use||Entities connected with India|
|Actual use||Was not very popular as Indians preferred generic TLDs such as .com; liberalisation of registration rules in 2005 led to a great increase in registrations, including overseas registrations.|
|Registration restrictions||No restrictions on who can register second-level domains or most third-level domains; restrictions under some specialised subdomains|
|Structure||May register at second level or at third level beneath generic-category 2nd level domains|
|Dispute policies||.IN Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (INDRP)|
.in is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for India. The domain is operated by INRegistry under the authority of NIXI, the National Internet Exchange of India. INRegistry was appointed by the government of India.
As of 2005[update], liberalised policies for the .in domain allow unlimited second-level registrations under .in. Unlimited registrations under the previously structured existing zones are also allowed:
- .in (available to anyone; used by companies, individuals, and organizations in India)
- .co.in (originally for banks, registered companies, and trademarks)
- .firm.in (originally for shops, partnerships, liaison offices, sole proprietorships)
- .net.in (originally for Internet service providers)
- .org.in (originally for non-profit organisations)
- .gen.in (originally for general/miscellaneous use)
- .ind.in (originally for individuals)
Six zones are reserved for use by qualified institutions in India:
- .ac.in (Academic institutions)
- .edu.in (Educational institutions)
- .res.in (Indian research institutes)
- .ernet.in (Older, for both educational and research institutes)
- .gov.in (Indian government)
- .mil.in (Indian military)
Before the introduction of liberalised registration policies for the .in domain, only 7000 names had been registered between 1992 and 2004. As of March 2010, the number had increased to over 610,000 domain names, with 60% of registrations coming from India, and the rest from overseas. By October 2011, the number had surpassed 1 million domain names. This domain is popular for domain hacks.
The domain .nic.in is reserved for India's National Informatics Centre, but in practice most Indian government agencies have domains ending in .nic.in.
Internationalised domain names and country codes
India plans to introduce internationalised domain names, that is domain names in 22 local languages used in India. These internationalised domain names will be used together with seven new top domains for India.
These top domains are:
|Devanagari string||Transliterated string|
The rest are yet not available (as of September 2014):
- .ভাৰত (Asamiya/Assamese)
- .ভারত (Bengali)
- .ਭਾਰਤ (Gurmukhī)
- .ભારત (Gujarati)
- .இந்தியா (Tamil)
- .భారత్ (Telugu)
- .بھارت (Urdu)
- Chatterjee, Moumita Bakshi (March 13, 2010). "‘.in' domain registration crosses six-lakh mark". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- ".IN Passes One Million Registrations And Looks To Future For Growth".
- Domain Name Owners Association of India - First & only Organization in the country.
- IANA Whois information
- .in whois information from the .IN Registry: India's Official .IN Domain Name Registry
- Policies from the INRegistry website
- List of Accredited registrars for .in